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45- Modals الأفعال الناقصة


* A modal has only one form of the verb for all persons, but it can have several meanings and time frames, depending on the context in which it is used.

الفعل الناقص له صيغة واحدة مع جميع الأشخاص ولكن له عدة معاني وأشكال زمنية حسب المحتوى الذي تستخدم فيه.


* Form الصيغة

shall, should, will would, may, might, can, could, must, ought to + (التصريف الأول للفعل)


* Modals have no infinitives or past participles.

 ليس للفعل الناقص مصدر أو تصريف ثالث.


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الأفعال الناقصة


 تعبر عن:






You shall take a reward.




He does not want to obey me: but he shall.




You shall be punished if you come late.




You should obey your teachers.


Advice or opinion

النصيحة أو الرأي

You should stop smoking.


The simple future tense.

صيغة المستقبل البسيط

He will visit us tomorrow.


Determination or promise

التصميم أو الوعد

I will travel when I like.

We will do as you wish.




I hoped that I might succeed.

I thought that the weather might change

can, am/is/are able to



He can do it carefully.

He is able to solve the problem.

shall be able, will be able

Ability in the future

المقدرة على المستقبل

I shall be able to help you.


Past, present or future possibility

الإمكانية في الماضي/ المضارع / المستقبل

Fahad could drive his car a year ago.

Ali is not in class today. He could be sick.

Do not leave now. It could rain now.




You must listen to your teachers.

had to

The past form of must:past necessity

الضرورة في الماضي

Faisal could not come to our dinner party. He had to stay home to study.

ought to



You ought to help the poor.


ought to have

Actions that were advisable in the past

أحداث كان من المستحسن عملها في الماضي

You ought to have studied.

(You did not. That was a mistake)                     Divider of Saint TaklaHaymanot's website فاصل - موقع الأنبا تكلاهيمانوت







Short Answers

إجابات مختصرة



They should eat now.

They should not eat now.

Should they eat now?

Yes, they should.

No, they should not.

He will leave.

He will not leave.

Will he leave?

Yes, he will.

No, he will not.

He would succeed.

He would not succeed.

Would he leave?

Yes, he would.

No, he would not.

I might succeed.

I might not succeed.

Might I succeed?


I may sleep.

I may not sleep.

May I sleep?


I can do it.

I can not do it.

Can I do it?

Yes, you can.

No, you can not.

He could talk.

He could not talk.

Could he talk?

Yes, he could.

No, he could not.

We could have a test tomorrow.

We could not have a test tomorrow.

Could we have a test tomorrow?

Yes, you could.

No, he could not.

You must go now.

You must not go now.

Must you go now?

Yes, I must.

No, I must not.

You ought to help them.

You ought not to help them.

Ought you to help them?

Yes, I ought to.

No, I ought not.

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