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Nature of Christ, book by H. H. Pope Shenouda III

8- The Council of Chaicedon Image: Council of Chalcedon صورة في موقع الأنبا تكلا: مجمع خلقيدونية Image: Council of Chalcedon

صورة في موقع الأنبا تكلا: مجمع خلقيدونية

In spite of the fact that the Council of Ephesus had excommunicated Nestorus, the Nestorian roots extended to influence the council of Chalcedon where the trend to separate the two natures became so apparent that it was said that Christ is two persons, a God and a human being; the one works miracles and the other accepts insults and humiliation.

Following the same trend, Leo, the Bishop of Rome, accordingly declared his famous Tome which was rejected by the Coptic Church, as we have discussed this issue before here on in other sections. But the Council accepted and voted for it, thus confirming that two natures existed in Christ after their unity: a Divine nature performing its functions and a human nature carrying out its role.

Nestorus claimed that those two natures were distinctly separate. The Carthage's Council proclaimed their union but Nestorus separated them by this explanation. Just as he concluded that Christ had two natures, he also concluded that He had two wills and two lines of action.

The problem of the two natures and two wills has its roots here and thus began disruption and conflict within the Church. Now

we are trying to settle this question by attempting to rewrite a satisfactory wording of our faith, which would be acceptable to all.

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