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Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible - Old Testament

Second Kings 15 (Chapter XV Study)

 

Second Kings Exposition: Index | Introduction to the book of Second Kings | Second Kings 1 | Second Kings 2 | Second Kings 3 | Second Kings 4 | Second Kings 5 | Second Kings 6 | Second Kings 7 | Second Kings 8 | Second Kings 9 | Second Kings 10 | Second Kings 11 | Second Kings 12 | Second Kings 13 | Second Kings 14 | Second Kings 15 | Second Kings 16 | Second Kings 17 | Second Kings 18 | Second Kings 19 | Second Kings 20 | Second Kings 21 | Second Kings 22 | Second Kings 23 | Second Kings 24 | Second Kings 25

Second Kings full text: Second Kings 1 | Second Kings 2 | Second Kings 3 | Second Kings 4 | Second Kings 5 | Second Kings 6 | Second Kings 7 | Second Kings 8 | Second Kings 9 | Second Kings 10 | Second Kings 11 | Second Kings 12 | Second Kings 13 | Second Kings 14 | Second Kings 15 | Second Kings 16 | Second Kings 17 | Second Kings 18 | Second Kings 19 | Second Kings 20 | Second Kings 21 | Second Kings 22 | Second Kings 23 | Second Kings 24 | Second Kings 25

In this chapter, I. The history of two of the kings of Judah is briefly recorded:1. Of Azariah, or Uzziah, ver. 1-7. 2. Of Jotham his son, ver. 32-38. II. The history of many of the kings of Israel that reigned at the same time is given us in short, five in succession, all of whom, except one, went down slain to the pit, and their murders were their successors. 1. Zachariah, the last of the house of Jehu, reigned six months, and then was slain and succeeded by Shallum, ver. 8-12. 2. Shallum reigned one month, and then was slain and succeeded by Menahem, ver. 13-15. 3. Menahem reigned ten years, or tyrannised rather, such were his barbarous cruelties (ver. 16) and unreasonable exactions (ver. 20), and then died in his bed, and left his son to succeed him first, and then suffer for him, ver. 16-22. 4. Pekahiah reigned two years, and then was slain and succeeded by Pekah, ver. 23-26. 5. Pekah reigned twenty years, and then was slain and succeeded by Hoshea, the last of all the kings of Israel (ver. 27-31) for things were now working and hastening apace towards the final destruction of that kingdom.

The Reign of Azariah. (b. c. 798.)

1 In the twenty and seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign. " alt="St-Takla.org Image: King Manahem choose not to fight the mighty Assyrians but gave them huge amounts of silver with promises to pay them an annual tribute of money. (2 Kings 15: 17-20) - "Israel taken into captivity in Assyria" images set (2 Kings 15:17 - 17:41): image (5) - 2 Kings, Bible illustrations by James Padgett (1931-2009), published by Sweet Media صورة في موقع الأنبا تكلا: "في السنة التاسعة والثلاثين لعزريا ملك يهوذا، ملك منحيم بن جادي على إسرائيل في السامرة عشر سنين. وعمل الشر في عيني الرب. لم يحد عن خطايا يربعام بن نباط الذي جعل إسرائيل يخطئ كل أيامه. فجاء فول ملك أشور على الأرض، فأعطى منحيم لفول ألف وزنة من الفضة لتكون يداه معه ليثبت المملكة في يده. ووضع منحيم الفضة على إسرائيل على جميع جبابرة البأس ليدفع لملك أشور خمسين شاقل فضة على كل رجل، فرجع ملك أشور ولم يقم هناك في الأرض" (الملوك الثاني 15: 17-20) - مجموعة "سبي إسرائيل إلى أشور" (ملوك الثاني 15: 17 - 17: 41) - صورة (5) - صور سفر الملوك الثاني، رسم جيمز بادجيت (1931-2009)، إصدار شركة سويت ميديا" width="640" height="463">

St-Takla.org Image: King Manahem choose not to fight the mighty Assyrians but gave them huge amounts of silver with promises to pay them an annual tribute of money. (2 Kings 15: 17-20) - "Israel taken into captivity in Assyria" images set (2 Kings 15:17 - 17:41): image (5) - 2 Kings, Bible illustrations by James Padgett (1931-2009), published by Sweet Media

صورة في موقع الأنبا تكلا: "في السنة التاسعة والثلاثين لعزريا ملك يهوذا، ملك منحيم بن جادي على إسرائيل في السامرة عشر سنين. وعمل الشر في عيني الرب. لم يحد عن خطايا يربعام بن نباط الذي جعل إسرائيل يخطئ كل أيامه. فجاء فول ملك أشور على الأرض، فأعطى منحيم لفول ألف وزنة من الفضة لتكون يداه معه ليثبت المملكة في يده. ووضع منحيم الفضة على إسرائيل على جميع جبابرة البأس ليدفع لملك أشور خمسين شاقل فضة على كل رجل، فرجع ملك أشور ولم يقم هناك في الأرض" (الملوك الثاني 15: 17-20) - مجموعة "سبي إسرائيل إلى أشور" (ملوك الثاني 15: 17 - 17: 41) - صورة (5) - صور سفر الملوك الثاني، رسم جيمز بادجيت (1931-2009)، إصدار شركة سويت ميديا

32 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign. 33 Five and twenty years old was he when he began to reign, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok. 34 And he did that which was right in the sight of the Lord: he did according to all that his father Uzziah had done. 35 Howbeit the high places were not removed: the people sacrificed and burned incense still in the high places, and you can find more about that here on st-takla.org on other commentaries and dictionary entries. He built the higher gate of the house of the Lord. 36 Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 37 In those days the Lord began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah. 38 And Jotham slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.

We have here a short account of the reign of Jotham king of Judah, of whom we are told, 1. That he reigned very well, did that which was right in the sight of the Lord, v. 34. Josephus gives him a very high character, stating that he was pious towards God, just towards men, and laid out himself for the public good,that, whatever was amiss, he took care to have it rectified,and, in short, wanted no virtue that became a good prince. Though the high places were not taken away, yet to draw people from them, and keep them close to God's holy place, he showed great respect to the temple, and built the higher gate which he went through to the temple. If magistrates cannot do all they would for the suppressing of vice and profaneness, let them do so much the more for the support and advancement of piety and virtue, and the bringing of them into reputation. If they cannot pull down the high places of sin, yet let them build and beautify the high gate of God's house. 2. That he died in the midst of his days, v. 33. Of most of the kings of Judah we are told how old they were when they began their reign, and by that may compute how old they were when they died; but no account is kept of the age of any of the kings of Israel that I remember, only of the years of their reigns. This honour God would put upon the kings of the house of David above those of other families. And by these accounts it appears that there was none of all the kings of Judah that reached David's age, seventy, the common age of man. Asa's age I do not find. Uzziah lived to be sixty-eight, Manasseh sixty-seven, and Jehoshaphat sixty; and these were the three oldest; many of those that were of note did not reach fifty. This Jotham died at forty-one. He was too great a blessing to be continued long to such an unworthy people. His death was a judgment, especially considering the character of his son and successor. 3. That in his days the confederacy was formed against Judah by Rezin and Remaliah's son, the king of Syria and the king of Israel, which appeared so very formidable in the beginning of the reign of Ahaz that, upon notice of it, the heart of that prince was moved and the heart of the people, as the trees of the wood are moved with the wind, Isa. vii. 2. The confederates were unjust in the attempt, yet it is here said (v. 37), The Lord began to send them against Judah, as he bade Shimei curse David, and took away from Job what the Sabeans robbed him of. Men are God's handthe sword, the rod in his handwhich he makes use of as he pleases to serve his own righteous counsels, though men be unrighteous in their intentions. This storm gathered in the reign of pious Jotham, but he came to his grave in peace and it fell upon his degenerate son.

St-Takla.org                     Divider of Saint TaklaHaymanot's website فاصل - موقع الأنبا تكلاهيمانوت

Other commentaries and interpretations on the Book of Second Kings:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25

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