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دروس في اللغه الانجليزيه
English Language Lessons

The Reported Speech الخطاب الغير مباشر

 

نستخدم صيغة الخطاب الغير المباشر عندما نريد أن نحكي لشخص ما قاله شخص آخر

مثلا

"I am hungry" Ramy said

قال رامي  "أنا جائع

Ramy said that he was hungry  

فيما يلي جدول يحتوي على صيغة الفعل في الخطاب المباشر وكيف يصبح في الخطاب الغير المباشر

 

Tense in the direct form

تصريف الفعل في الخطاب المباشر

Tense in the reported form

تصريف الفعل في الخطاب الغير مباشر

Verbs used to begin the sentence in the reported form

بعض الأفعال التي نبدأ بها الجملة

في الخطاب الغير مباشر

imperative

ex: Teacher:" Amine, go out"

Infinitive

The teacher ordered Amine to go out

told   -invited-ordered-begged-

توسل- أمر- استضاف- قال

warned-advised

نصح - حذر

Present simple

ex:  "I have a car"

Past simple

He said that he had a car

told-said-confessed-admitted-

أقر- اعترف- قال - قال

declared-revealed

كشف- صرح

Present continuous

ex:  "I'm having a nice time"

Past continuous

She said that she was having a nice time.

Past simple

ex:   "I stole the money " 

Past perfect

The thief admitted that he had stolen the money.

Past continuous

ex: "I was watching TV"

Past perfect continuous

She said that she had been watching TV

Future simple

ex: "I'll call you"

Would+infinitive

He said that he would call me

Future continuous

ex: "I'll be waiting for you"

Would be+---ing

She said that she would be waiting for me.

Present perfect

ex: "I've never seen this film"

Past perfect

She told me that she had never seen that film

 

Exercise

Rewrite these sentences in the reported speech.

1." I'm tired"

Ali said that ------------------------------------------------------------------------

2."The ministry is going to open a new school."

The minister revealed that----------------------------------------------------------------

3."We lost a lot of soldiers"

The army admitted that-------------------------------------------------------------------------

4." I'll visit you"

She said that-----------------------------------------------------------------------

5."I have never seen such a beautiful match."

The coach told reporters that----------------------------------------------------------

 

Answers

1." I'm tired"

Ali said that ---he was tired---------------------------------

2."The ministry is going to open a new school."

The minister revealed that-------the ministry was going to open a new school----------------

3."We lost a lot of soldiers"

The army admitted that------they had lost a lot of soldiers--------------------

4." I'll visit you"

She said that---------------she would visit me--------------------

5."I have never seen such a beautiful match."

The coach told reporters that----he had never seen such a beautiful match----------------------


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