Action, unless rightly done, sin, 360; whether implied in permission, 464, 475; always conceived in the heart, 487; indifferent, takes its character from motive, 488; some unconsciously prophetic, 495; character determined by the intention, 519.
Adultery, what? 400, 402; compared with fornication, 403; is evil, while even second marriage is good, 443; might be justified on same grounds as lying, 487, 488; some guilty of, fear perjury, 500; penance done for, 575.
Almsgiving, will not, without change of life, atone for sin, 260; the greatest, is forgiveness of debtors and love of enemies, 261; the first, is to pity our own souls, 262; advanced by Christianity, 364.
Angels, the fallen, Gods judgment on, 246; who fell not, 246; nothing certainly known of their social organization, 256; bodies assumed by, 256; what Christ did for man was in a sense done for them, 257; may communicate the events of time to the dead, 359; cannot sin, 385; entertained by Lot, 463; ministry of, to Lazarus, 541; free of both worlds, 548.
Anna, and Susanna, 403, 413; more blessed than Ruth, 443; unless Ruth knew what was to follow; probably knew Christ should be born of a Virgin, 444; her long and early widowhood, 447; her piety, 448; recognized Christ with His Virgin Mother, 444, 448.
Apostles, common men chosen to show Christs power, 342; prophesied of, 343; use the four-fold exposition, 349, 350; Acts of, rejected by Manichees, inconsistently, 350; teaching handed down from, 356; effect of their labors on nations, 364; whether bound to live of the Gospel, 471, 522; Acts of the, a place to find examples, 476, 493; example of, no obligation not to labor, 505–508; maintained by holy women and those among whom they preached, 506–508; words not to be derided, 508; divided their provinces, 516; had power not to work: to speak with authority, 522; once of the world, 532; chosen not just but justified: else had first chosen Christ, 533.
Apparitions, in dreams, 544–550; of the dead without their consciousness, 545 sq.; as of the living, unconscious, 545. 546, 549; images only, not of souls themselves, 545; produced by the ministry of Angels, 545, 547, 549; asking for burial, 545; use of: pointing out places of burial, 545; foretelling things future, 545; not to be denied, 545; instances of, in sleep, 545; pointing out where things should be found, 545; seen when awake, 546; in trances, 546; doctrines taught by: of Samuel to Saul, 548; of St. Felix, 548; of saints whether themselves or angelic appearances, doubtful, 549, 550; of John the Monk, 549; of Ananias to St. Paul: John would have solved St. Augustins difficulties, 550.
Augustin, St., when ordained Priest or Presbyter, 347; his early love of truth, 347, 349; his prayer for Honoratus, 348; how led into Manicheism (nine years in it), tempted by discussions, 348; only a “Hearer:” a worldling: contrast later, 348; his eyes weak from past delusions, 349; his book “De Spiritu et Litera,” note, 351; his belief about the Old Testament, 353; young when led into error, 353; his way of search for true religion, 356, 357; disappointed in Faustus, 356; tended at times toward Academics: his prayers for help: becomes Catechumen, 356; his purpose of writing further to Honoratus, 365; expresses doubt on a point connected with marriage, 407; not at variance with Council of Carthage, 441; his many engagements, 441; his books on marriage and virginity, 448, 454; wrote against Faustus, 448; works of, on Divine grace, 450; his works on Lying of different dates, 457; uses a homely style in practical matters, 458; his avocations, 481; life laborious, (bodily infirmity), 521, 522; did what he exhorted others to do, 522; found a Bishops life more laborious than a Monks, 521; not submitting to mans judgment, 522; desired to be admonished, 523; never completed his Retractations, 527; visited nightly by his mother while she lived, 547; not after her death, 547.
Authority, necessity of in religion,356, 357; source of what we believe, 359; lovers of truth believe, 360; for doctrine same as for belief in Christ, 362; some probable a priori, 363; shown by miracles on multitudes, 364; brought to bear on life through numbers, 364; seat of, in Catholic Church, 365; of doctrine to be strictly guarded, 466, 483, 484.
Baptism, indicates our death to sin and resurrection to life, 252, 254; open to all, both infants and adults, 252; “Come, ye blessed of My Father, receive the kingdom,” 374; makes men temples of the Holy Spirit, 374; remission of all things in, 374; received, to be guarded by good life: washes once for all: why not repeated, 375; of heretics, “a form of Godliness:” is of the Church only: remits original sin, 386; puts away all sin, 408; of children, 419; remits from all sin, 435; supposed case of lying in order to give, 499; necessary for admission to Paradise, 546.
Belief, See Faith; implies objects unseen, 337. 338; of historical facts, 359; different from opinion, 458; needed before understanding, 463; of a lie, not always hurtful, 466, 483; of false doctrine, a real misery, 483; in the heart, not enough without confession, 486.
Birds, their habits alluded to, 409; who? 436; image of the proud, 516; not to be imitated in all points, 517, 518 sq.; in cages, 517; not imitated in picking food or flies, 518; caught by want of water, 348.
Body, the death of, mans peculiar punishment, 246; resurrection of, 264, 332, 375, 540, 541; in the resurrection, spiritual, 266; material of, never perishes, 265, 529; a creature of God, 374; Temple of the Holy Spirit, 374, 444, 474, not our object in religion, 354; its peaceful members made the souls pattern, 389; may be holy in marriage, 443, 444; of all the Faithful is “members of Christ,” 444; soul to be preferred to, 463, purity of, depends on soul, 463, 499; Priscillianists erred concerning, 484; real good of, in the life to come, 528, 529; to be restored entire, 529; patience of Martyrs concerning their, 530; motions of, affect the mind, 542; an interest felt in, by us while living, 543, 544; overcome by the Martyrs, 544; hurt only by the pain of dying, 543, 544; faith in resurrection of, confirmed by care for the dead, 541, 550; obtained by the spirit, 543; not affected by the treatment of the corpse, 540, 541, 543, 544.
Burial, in the memorials of Martyrs, 539, 542, 549, 550; place provided for, 539; want of, does not affect the dead, 540, 541, 543, 544, 545; a grief to the living, 544; external rites of, for the comfort of the living, 540, 544, 550; no benefit to the wicked, 540, 544; care for, a duty, 541; why? 544; by the Patriarchs and their children, 541; significative, 541; commended in Scripture, 541; rewarded, 541; want of, and place of, does not hinder the resurrection, 540, 541; or rest, 541, 543, 545; place of, a benefit only as occasioning prayer, 542, 543, 550; to slight, irreligious, 545; place of, naturally, a subject of interest, 543, 544; loss of, how a punishment; how a kindness, 544.
Catechumen, examination of, as to his views, 288; specimen of address to (1) one of worthy views, (2) one of false aims, 299; formal admission of, 312; St. Augustin becomes one, 356; learned and repeated the Creed, 369; still under sins, 375; having a second wife, case of, 408.
Charity, the Church abides in, 374; of the married state, 400; shown in communicating any good to others, 441; in keeping good repute, 453; unity of the Church belongs to, 535; a mark of the free-born, 535.
Chastity, advanced by Christianity, 364; of continence, better than married chastity, 411; wedded, is a good, 443, 445; wedded, is Gods gift, 450; complete (integritas), of virgins and widows, 450; spiritual delights in, 452; not to be broken to save a life, 463; or a soul, 499; not lost by violence, 463, 475; of mind what, 475, 499; of mind to be preserved for detecting heresy, 487; is of the truth, 498, 499; cannot teach adultery, 499.
Children, probably involved in the guilt, not only of our first parents, but also of their own immediate parents, 252; know their parents by faith, 338, 360; exorcised, 369; loss of, 372, 530; why baptized, 419; the Three Holy, Song of, 438; having, a reason for not marrying again, 445; spiritual, may serve instead of natural, 445, 450; virginity of, a compensation to parents, 445, 448; desire of, lawful, but not praiseworthy, 445; having, a blessing, not a merit, 447, 448; bringing up well, is of good will, 448; spiritual fruits in place of, 451, 452; lawfully begetting, for God a good work, 488; power of a parent over, 490.
Christ, birth of, 249, 371; being the only Son of God, is at the same time man, 249; grace of God in His birth, 250, 251; made sin for us, 251; not regenerated in the baptism of John, 253; took away original sin and all other sins, 253; His life typical of the Christian life, 254; second coming of, 255; advent of, why foretold, 286; shows Gods love to us, 287; generation of, as Son of God and the Word, 322 sq.; neither made by nor less than the Father, 323; born through the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, 325; as God, has no mother, 325; Passion, Burial and Resurrection of, 326; Ascension of, 326; Session at the Fathers Right Hand and Coming to Judgment, 326, 327; relation of, as Son to the Father, 328 sq.; the Seed of Abraham, 339; nations blessed in, 339; so honored though crucified, a miracle, 340; witnessed to by Jewish prophecy, 342; sufferings of, contrasted with His Victory, 342; name of, honored even by heretics, 343; the Bridegroom, 343; used the four ways of exposition, 349, 350; veil of Law done away by, 351; teaching handed down from, 356; even heretics bid us believe in, 361; on whose testimony we do so, 362; planted His religion by the way of faith, 363; Death and Resurrection of, shut out fear, 363; various miracles of, their use, 364; effects of His Incarnation and Teaching, 365; God in true Man, 364; without sin, restores from sin, 369, 370; what He teaches of Himself, 371; His lowly Birth, Passion and Death: born perfect as Son of God, 371, 372; born of the Virgin in the fullness of time: God and Man: death of, a pattern to martyrs; Resurrection of, 372, 375; sets a prize as in the arena, 372; arose to die no more, 372; example of, exceeds Jobs, 373; His Sufferings and Ascension, 373; shall come to judge the quick and the dead: the Church abides in, as branches in a Vine, 374; the Root: sin of killing, not unpardonable: members of, shall follow Him, 375; our pattern: condescends to our slowness, 380; and the Church, their union, 388; heretical notion concerning, 389; came in real flesh, 389; took a human body and a human soul, 390, 364; really hungered and thirsted: saw fit not to abstain like the Baptist, 410; the object of love, 437, 452; taught humility when near His Passion, 429; Himself the model for virgins, 429, 431; the object of virgin love, 437; crucified, to be gazed on with the inward eyes, 437; may not be loved a little, 444; recognized by Anna as a child, 444, 448; conceived in chastity, can make virginity fruitful, 446; loves an inward beauty, 446; a Husband, in the Spirit, to the married as to the Church, 446; shown to be the worthiest object of love, 452; did and commanded all for our salvation, 462; no lie to be told about, 466; patience of, perfect, 470; yet did not literally turn the other cheek, 470; sayings of, that seem false, are figurative, 476, 494; denied before men in pretending heresy, 485; few deny sincerely, 486; kept back some truth, 491; called a “Rock,” “Lion,” 491; under our sins figured by Jacob, 492; Himself a Prophet, 494; assumed show of ignorance, 494; His feigning, 494; exhorts Martyrs to patience, 529; forbearance of, to Judas, 529; chose and justified the Apostles, 533; faith of, saved the old Saints, 533; made poor for our sakes, 535; poor of, to be made rich 539.
Christians, nominal, described, 311; more numerous than Jews and Pagans united [in the Roman empire,] 356; they are not, who forbid faith before reason, 362, 363; misrepresented, 365; work and prize of, 372; all in one commonwealth, 519; state of, as longing for inheritance, 535.
Church, is the Temple of God, 255; condition of, in heaven, 256; redeemed by blood, 257; history of, in four stages, 275; in its likeness to a Vine, 309; the Catholic, 331; quotes herself as fulfillment of prophecy, 339, 341; called the “Queen,” 339; visible as such, 340; is herself an evidence, 341; witness of past and future, 342; spread abroad by suffering, 342; Bride of Christ, 343; milk from the teats of, 348; with what error charged by Manichees, 353, 357; Catholic, prima facie claims of, 355; her teaching from Christ and the Apostles, 356; witnessed to by people and nations, 362; testimony of mankind leads us to, 364; doctrines of, concerning God, 365; mother of Gods children, 369; named in the Creed after the Holy Trinity: victorious over heresies, abides in charity, 374; Body of Christ: He the Head, 375; an heretical notion concerning, 389; Christ and the, 388, 389; not yet perfect, 390; made subject to Christ, 390; her daily cry, 391; the, a Mother and a Virgin, 417, 418; a holy Virgin, 420; sometimes called the kingdom of heaven, 425; the, a virgin and spouse of Christ, 446, 451, 452; includes the departed, 454; in a household, 454; authority of its practices though not in Scripture, 541; disunion with, breaks charity, 535.
Clergy, not bound to labor, 506–508; may claim maintenance from their people, 506, 507; all, as well as Apostles, 508, 510; employments fitted for, 511; receive support, not as mendicants, that they may escape distracting occupations, 512; injunctions to support, 511, 513; for the good of the people, 513; have same right to maintenance as the Apostles, 515, 516: ministers of His Sacrament unto righteousness, 519, 520; not to be careful, 521.
Consent, in thought constitutes sin, 380, 381; yielded and withheld, 387, 388; withheld is mortification of the members, 392; what constitutes, 464, 465; when it justifies doing a man wrong, 466; chastity not lost without, 475.
Continence, praised by Epicurus, 352; door of, 380, 381; why mentioned last by St. Paul, 383; Gods gift, 379, 391; the gift of Gods Spirit, 384; difficult to treat of, 379; marriage, glorious, not to be attained in our own strength, 383; forbears excuses, 384, sought of God by David, 384; required against all sin, 385; peace the prize of, 386; a healthful chastisement of our nature, 390; falsely claimed, considered, 391; its office, 391; is refusing the consent of the mind, 392; must watch the thoughts, 393; glory of perseverance in, due to the Lord, 393; the greater of two goods, 402, 411 423; and marriage, two goods, 403; compared to fasting, 403; how, is not on a level with the marriage of the old Fathers, 408, 409; a virtue of the soul, 409; in habit and act, 410; praise of the state of, 411; the root-virtue, 412; profitable for the life to come, 420, 421, 422, 424; when unwillingly professed, 429; of widows: its rank, 434; widowed, better than nuptial chastity, 443; best for those who “receive” it, 445; strength of, measures merit of widowhood, 447; of heretics not to persuade us, 448; all is Gods gift, 449; though willing, 450; term properly used of virgins and widows, 450; universal, supposed danger of, 460.
Creed, the Apostles, 238; current in 4th century, 318; expounded, 321 sq.; the rule of faith or symbol, 369 sq.; not written, repeated by Catechumens: scattered through Scripture, 369; calls, not the Son Almighty, yet implies this, 370.
Dead, souls of the, benefitted by the sacraments and alms of living friends, 272, 550; care for, 539–551; pagan opinions of, 539, 544, 545: at rest, 541, 543, 544, 545; sacrifice for, in Maccabees, 540; not affected by the condition of the body, 540 sq.; unconscious when seen in visions, 545 sq.; do not know what happens in this world, 547–549; or their happiness would be affected, 547; except in special cases, 548; perhaps by information from other spirits, 548; from Angels, 548; by dispensation of the Holy Spirit: interpose not ordinarily, 547 sq., 549; not as they please, 549; sometimes, 548, 549; a blessing thereby, 547; by extraordinary Divine permission, 549; we care and pray for, without knowing their state, 548, 549.
Death, of the body is mans peculiar punishment, 246; the first and the second, consequences of, 267; eternal, 273; cannot injure the regenerate, 275; question of lying to prevent, 497, 498; sin worse than, 462; wrongly thought of as worst evil, 474; for mercy and truth, a gain, 497; sin the sting of, 500.
Demetrias, consecrated a Nun, 441; her choice of virginity praised, and note, 443, 448; became like Virgin Mary was, 449; before her mother in the kingdom, 451; grandmother of, 451; care needed for, being young, and a book recommended, 454.
Divorce, why permitted the Jews, 349; rebuked by Christ, 402; may not take place for barrenness, 402, 406, 412; does not dissolve marriage, 402, 406, 412; dissolves marriage in the worlds opinion, 402.
Endurance, not patience, 426; of sufferings for worldly objects, 527; of men for temporal objects praised, 528; practised for wicked ends, 528, 529; not patience, but an example, 528; in surgical cases, worldly, 532, 534; this is animal and devilish, 532; like stupor of disease, 534; frantic, of misguided lust, 534.
Error, the nature of, 242; always an evil, 243, 245; not always a sin, 244; easy to talk against, 348; three kinds of, in reading, 351; hurts not unless believed: charitable, no evil, 352; truth frees from, falsehood involves in 457, 458; of fact does little harm, 483.
Evil, in the universe is but the absence of good, 240; there can be no evil where there is no good, 241; good and evil are exceptions to the rule that contrary attributes cannot be predicated of the same subject, 241; permission of, 267, 269, 385; turned into good by God, 269, 385, 495; man created able to choose good or evil,—choice of evil impossible in the future life, 271; co-existence of, with good, in the Church, and their final separation, 303 sq.; God not the author of, 365; not self-existent, 385; Manichæan errors concerning, 385, 386, 388; uses of, 385, 386; lusts, what, 387; perfected hereafter, not a substance, 387, 388; its nature explained, 464; question of doing less, to avoid greater, 465, 467; wrongly measured through earthly affections, 474; comparison of evils, 476; not to be done that good may come, 488.
Faith, is the gift of God, 247; without works, is dead, 259; of things unseen derided, 337; defended by analogy, 338; even after trial, 338; if due to human things, more so to divine, 339; prophesied of, a ground of faith, 343; on authority, blamed by the Manichees, 348, 356; distinguished from credulity, 357; question if still a fault, 357, 358; necessary for friendship, 357, 358, 338; teacher uses, towards learner, 357; no harm in, though reason might be used, 358; distinguished from knowledge and opinion, 359; faulty only when rash or wrong, 359; of historical facts, needful, 360; parents known by, 359, 360; most needful of all in religion, and why, 360, 361; before reason, no rashness, 362; they are not Christians who forbid faith in Christ before reason, 362; miracles lead to, 363; prepares way to wisdom, 365; before understanding, 370; is in order to eternal life, 374; and works, 392; without putting down lust, is dead, 393; in wedlock, 401; conjugal, less worthy than virginity, 442; of profession to be kept, 445; whence named, 476; of Christ, none justified without, 533; Faith, Hope and Love, God to be worshipped through, 238; their mutual dependence, 239; distinction between faith and hope, 239; love is the greatest of the three, 274.
Father, The, how greater than the son, 249; Himself God, 327; the Beginning of The Son, 328; hath not His Being from The Son, 329; nor from any other, 329; The Son anointed by, 339; One God with The Son, 370; coeternal with Son imaged by coeval, 371; doth what he will, never without The Son, 371.
Flesh and blood, shall not inherit the kingdom of God, expounded, 317; living after what? 383; meaning of, in Scripture, 383, 384; how saved, 387; Manichæan error concerning, 388, 389; as created, spoken well of by St. Paul, 388; Christs was true, 389; not evil: likened to the Church, 389, 390; its works, may be sins of the soul, 391.
God, to be worshipped through faith, hope and love, 238; in what sense said to be angry, 248; Grace of, displayed in Christ, 249; in election, 268, 533; Peace of, 257; pardons sin, but on condition of penitence, 258; alone decides what sins are trivial and what not, 262; does well even in the permission of evil, 267; Will of, never defeated, though much is done contrary to His will, 269; always good, but sometimes fulfilled through the evil will of man, 269; Grace necessary to salvation before the fall, 271; foreknew the sin of the first man, and ordered His own purpose. accordingly, 271; is Love, 275 sq.; severity of, 287; finger of, signifies the Holy Spirit, 305; exclusive eternity and omnipotence of, 322; blessed Abraham, 339; most fitly born of a Virgin, 339; is not in any special place, 341; the True, now invoked by all, 342; if Almighty created matter, 322; just in binding men by law, 351; frees from the Law, but condemns it not, 351; dwells in pure souls, 353; reasons concerning, understood by few, 358; helps those who go humbly and charitably, 358; knowledge of, true wisdom, 360; search for true religion presupposes faith in, 361; cannot be displeased with our believing, 361; demands faith, 362; the wise most near to, 363; mercy of,. shown in Christ, 363; now known by nations not to be of earth or fire, 364; Old Testament charged with false doctrine about, 365; providence of, points out the Church, 364; no substance but is of Him, 365; Father of those to whom the Church is Mother, 369; The Almighty Father, cannot lie or will wrong, 369; Author of Incorruptibility: One Will of Father and Son, 370; not lost by misfortunes, 372, 373; a Temple is for Him: He creates, Who clothes, 374; permits evil, why? 385; brings good out of evil, 385; Manichæan heresy concerning, 385, 386; His nature, 386; a Physician, 386; not wanting under the law, 449; destroys not free will, 449, 450; favor of, gives continence, 449;. gifts of, no blessings unless owned, 449; all good comes from, 452; labors to win, pleasant, 453; “hates” sinners, “destroys” liars, 462, 481; who unclean in sight of, 465; hears our inward speech, 471; wronged, though not hurt, by sins of luxury, 474; to be honored outwardly as well as inwardly, 482; Priscillianists erred concerning, 484; sin against, worse than against man, 485; sometimes heals secretly, 486; we must depend on, after all means, 497; will provide where we cannot rightly, 500; impassible: passions attributed to: patience His Gift, 527, 536; Himself long-suffering, though not suffering, 527, 528; His wrath, jealousy: His “repentance” implies no error, 527; cares for our body, 529; not lost by will, 530; riches of, 531, 536; patience likens to, 532; assists the just, and justifies the ungodly. 533; free mercy of, to old Saints, 533; how first loves sinners, works in us good will, 534, 536; never lies, 565.
Good, all things made, 240; but not perfectly good, hence liable to corruption, 240; there can be no evil where there is no good, 241;. highest, not attained without loving it, 363; brought out of evil, 385; all nature is, 386; in what degree attainable, 387; man so created, 388; the substance of the flesh is, 390; superior, makes not lesser good an evil: some, implied in “better,” 443, 446; more honored by having a good below it than an evil, 444, 446; fall from a higher, is an evil, 445, 446; all, comes from God, 452; sin aims at some, in this life, 474; temporal, may be given up without sin, 474, 475; three things to be kept, for sanctitys sake, 475; luminous, of truth, 498; impassible, 532.
Heretic, not every one a, who believes heretics, 347; what makes a, 348; silence to be kept to a: each claims name of Catholic, 355, 356; spoils that claim by pretending to reason, 357, 363; cannot claim authority, or do without it, 362; that on which we believe Christ is against them, 363.
Heretics, or schismatics compared to twigs lopped off the vine, 310 sq.; all, would have us believe in Christ, 362; many ways condemned, 365; yet in their sins, 375; continence of, should not persuade us, 448; widows and virgins of, inferior to Catholic wives, 448; not to be tracked out by lying, 482; sin less in speaking heresy than Catholics would, 483, 485; little harm in believing, when they pretend Catholicism, 483; converted, may take comfort in their former ignorance, 485; converted, will correct others, 486.
Holy Spirit, the birth of Christ is of The, 250; is not the Father of Christ, 250; Holy Spirit and the Church, 255; is not a creature, 256; sin against The, 264; signified by the expression, finger of God, 305; mission of, on Pentecost, 308; The third Person of the Trinity, 327; His individuality and offices, 329; body of any Christian, a temple of, 444; speaking in St. Paul, 513.
Honoratus, several of the name, 347; one a companion of St. Augustin, a lover of truth, 347; prayed for, 348, 349; how led astray, 348; not then a Christian, 348; his friendship with St. Augustin, 351; will wonder at the Old Testament being called pure, 353; called on to take more pains, 355; a sincere and earnest inquirer, 365.
Jews, named from Judah, 339; our witnesses to prophecy, 342; permitted to ill-treat our Lord, 373; many of, murderers of Christ, forgiven, 374; and heathens, out numbered by Christians, 355; their notions of defilements, 469; priesthood of, become vile, 470; heart of, called “stony,” 491; rites of, culled “sacramenta,” 493.
Job, his example cited, 409; patience of, in various temptations, 530; was thought to worship God, for temporal things: compared with Adam, 530; trials of, extreme, 372; tempted by his wife: stood fast in God, 373; restored to prosperity for our example, 373.
Juliana, thanks St. Augustin for a warning: asked him to write, 441; not to take all as written for herself, 441, 448; had children when left a widow, 445, 448; highest achievements open to, 448; is to communicate the book to others, 450; household of, a Church, 454.
Knowledge, different ways of desiring, 357; distinguished from opinion and belief, 359; of evil, no misery, 359; matter of belief may be called, 360; and charity, two goods, 403; all who know, partake of, 528; of difficult questions, a divine gift, 549.
Labor, pleasure in, 453; those able to, happier, 515; a duty of monks, 514; practised in good monasteries, 516; humbling effects of, on the wealthy, 518; for the common store, 519;. in the rich more charitable than alms-giving, 535.
Law, counsel given beyond, 461, 462; of God unmoved by circumstances, 489; of nature, 407; under, in, without distinguished, 509; Jewish, permitted eating in the fields, 517; supposed wish to combine, with the Gospel, 351; Ceremonial, mysteries of, 351; in the letter, killeth; wants an expounder, 353.
Lie, never allowable, but differs much in guilt, 243; not allowable to save another from injury, 245; question if ever lawful, 457 sq.; a joke is not a, 458; nor a mistake, 458; definition of, 458, 459, 494; how to be safe from, 460; question if ever useful, 460, 491; examples quoted in favor of, 460, 495, 500; cases of danger requiring, 460, 462, 490; condemned as false witness, 460; condemned more generally, and note, 460, .468, 476; allegory is not, 460, 491; sometimes allowed in imperfect state, 461; New Testament never favors, 461, 493; God hates, even to destroying, 462, 482; corrupts the soul, 463; any sin as easily justified, 463, 495; good men lose authority by telling, 464; about Christ, 466; several cases of, 466; none lawful in doctrine, 466, 490; not to be told to give pleasure, 467; useful, question of, 467, 472, 474, 495; if not to defend crime, 467; how to escape, when questioned, 468; how to escape, when silence betrays, 469; five kinds of, condemned: three still questioned, 469; wish to use, forbidden, 472; what, threatened with destruction, 473; Deceit is, even if not “false witness,” 473; a harmless one, to save pudicity of body, allowed, 475; eight sorts of, all shown to be evil, 476; which sorts less culpable: none is good, 481, 482; examples of, quoted from Scripture, 482, 491; every, contrary to truth, 482; pretending heresy worse kind of, 483; metaphor or antiphrasis, is not, 491; none is “just,” 495, 484; no holy person glories in, 496; one, leads to another, 498; about religion worst, 498, 500; not to be told to save a soul, 499; rather trust God, 500; put for sin in general, 500; not less than lewdness, 500.
Love, greater than faith and hope, 274; is the end of all the commandments, 275; action of, 286 sq.; “perfect, casteth out fear,” 330; act of, invisible, 338; only way to attain the highest good, 363; submits without hope of temporal rewards, 373; of husband for wife, Apostolical argument for, 388; fears to displease God, 431; owed to God by virgins, 433; of Christ, on the part of virgins, 437; the remedy for pride, 437; of neighbor as self, 462; misdirected, makes false estimates, 474; rectitude of, the souls chastity, 475, 476; of God, is His gift, 532; the ground of patience, 532, 534; kindled by The Holy Spirit, 532; of creature: already in creature loving, 534; of God, not in creature unless given, 534.
Lust, what is chiefly so called, 380, 381; our enemy, to be resisted, 381; its resistance the business of man, 382; proved to be of the soul as much as of the body, 391; how put down, 393; sexual, its sinfulness, 401; definition of, 463.
Manichees, object to believing on authority, 348; their pretence of reasons and learned discussions, 348; refute rather than prove, 348; their contemptuous phrases: attack the Old Testament, 349; think Scripture interpolated, and how, 350; of what error they accuse the Church, 353; worship the sun, 353; boasted of Faustus, 356; inquire origin of evil, 365; charges of, against Scripture: of bloodless bodies, but coarse minds, 365, 366; their heresy, 385, 386, 388, 389; refuted: dismissed, 388, 390; their saying, 410; their heretical opinion, 413; said the law was not of God, 509.
Marriage, fools should consult the wise about 361; many have learned to despise, 364; its end, 391; not regarded as unholy by the Fathers, 398; a lower state than virginity: first bond of society: that of our first parents, holy, 399; Christ went to one, 400; how a good, 400, 402, 412; intended as well for fellowship, 400; of aged persons, 400; continence in, praise-worthy, 400; brings good out of evil: its uses, 400, 401 402; its grave joy, 400; how far certain compacts deserve the name of, 401; its abuse, not the sin of marriage, 401; Sacramental, 402, 406, 408; the lesser of two goods, 403, 411, 422, 423; of the just, better than the virginity of the impious, 403; not evil, but good, 402, 403, 409; in what sense it is “better” not to marry, 403, 407; was once a duty: St. Pauls view of, 404; not sinful, 404, 408; to be not sinful must be without excess, 404; holy, though the partner is unholy, 405; that looks only to pleasing God, rare, 405; how piously contracted by the old Fathers, 406, 407, 408, 413; cannot be dissolved, except by death, 402, 411, 412; of many wives, allowable once, 406; compared to the taking of food, 407; was once contracted with spiritual desire, 407; hard, to use it like Abraham, 413; compared to ordination, 411; goods of, three, 413; of the old Fathers, holier than virginity now, 413; summary of St. Augustins book on, 417; how that of the old Fathers must be regarded, 422, 423; not even indirectly condemned by St. Paul, 422 423, 424; its fruits thirty-fold only, 434; of (professed) widows wrong but valid, 441; ends with the life of either party, 442; good of, shown, in that the bodies of married Christians are members of Christ, 442; due of, not to be withheld for fear of temptation, 442; the chastity in, Gods gift, 442, 450; evil of excess in, not of marriage, but venial through it, 442; ends of: that of Sacrament: second, allowable, 443; second attacked by Montanists, etc., 443; body as well as spirit, holy in, 443, 444; more desirable in Old Covenant, 444; of Patriarchs, was for offspring, 444; provides against temptation, 445; not needed when we may have spiritual children, 445, 453; better than unstable purpose of widowhood, 441; still good under the Gospel, 446; desire of, wrong after vows, 446; argument from “marriage to Christ” refuted, 446; third or fourth, lawful, though less worthy, 446; seventh, allowed by our Lord to be marriage, 447; hard questions about, 448, 449; ranks below continence: holiness of, inferior by reason of cares, 451; less needful since the world is perishing, 452.
Married, faithful women are mothers of Christ, 419; fruitfulness may not vie with virgin chastity, 419, 420; persons may follow the Lamb, 427, 436; persons in one respect cannot follow the Lamb, 427; may be fitter than virgins for Martyrdom, 434.
Martyrs, effect of their sufferings on mankind, 464; not prayed for at the Altar, 489; patience of, in scorn and pain, 529; true, do not kill themselves, 530; who suffer out of the Church, 535; memorials of, 542, 549, 550; prayers to, 542; care for others, the living, 542, 544 sq.; ashes and bodies dispersed, of Gaul, and elsewhere, 542, 544; overcame natural regard for the fate of their bodies, 544; removed from knowledge of earthly things, 549; tormenting demons, 550.
Men, fallen, Gods judgments on, 246; restored through the mercy of God, 246; the restored part succeeds to the place lost by the rebellious angels, 247; not saved by good works, but by grace through faith, 247; needed a mediator, 248; all born of Adam are under condemnation, 246, 254; Christians truly so, 523; figure the ruling principle of the mind, 524.
Mind, things in, perceived without sight, 337; of others, not directly perceived, etc., 337 sq.; prepared for truth by believing, 358, 362; of the wise brought in contact with God, 363; sovereign power of, disgraced by bodys sin, 487; parts of the, how figured, 524; patience a virtue of, 529; wounds of, 529; incomprehensible to itself, 569.
Miracles, meant to produce faith, 363; what are, 364; better than reasons to impress fools, 363; point out authority, 364; some more gracious, some more wonderful: why less frequent, and note, 364; witness of, against heretics, 365.
Monks, not laboring for their own support, 503; the work of, occasion of writing, 504; honest trades for men; a holy society, 511; laziness of, a trap, 515; cause scandals, 516; to avoid giving offense, to labor and be obedient, 514; ecclesiastical occupations and teaching of, 514, 515; life holy and praiseworthy, 514; their many religious offices, 515; who have been delicately brought up, to be borne with, 516; not Evangelists nor Priests: supporters of the Monastery, 519; persons admitted without signs of amendment, 516; a heavy sin not to admit as, slaves, peasants, mechanics: some became exemplars, 516; kept stores of provisions, 517; might have dressed provisions, 517, 518; who have been rich not compelled to bodily labor, 519; none to be idle: disentangled from secular affairs, 520, 521; trusting for support in labor if able, without, if unable: called servants of God, 521; poor of Christ, 519; objects of the Bishops care, 521; hypocritical and vagrant, pretended ones, 521; a device of Satan to discredit that life by scandal, 521; accused of wishing to be maintained in idleness: of hawking: costuming: lying stories: begging, 521; wearing long hair, 522; life preferred to Bishops, 521; good ones accused and unsettled by the idle, 522; idle ones regarded as more holy, 523.
Multitude, testimony of followed in common life, 355; must be led by steps to religion, 358: is believed regarding Christ, 362; gathered by Him in the way of faith, 363; led by faith to approve many good things, 364, 365; witness of, against heretics, 365.
Nature, the Christian knows little of, except that the goodness of the Creator is the cause of all things, 239; knowledge of the causes of, unessential to happiness, 242; wonders of, familiar, 364; all, is good, 386; lust is a disease of, 386.
Patience, of Christ, 372; of Job, 372; is not to be for temporal hopes, 372, 373; differs from endurance, 391; a great gift of God, 527; attributed to God: in what sense, 527; of God, without passion, 527, 528; in man, what, 527, 528; waits for good, 527, 529; compared with worldly endurance, 528, 531; for ill ends is no patience, 528; truth of, is in the cause, 528; not like science: both in mind and body, 529; shown without bodily pain: of our Lord toward Judas, 529; greatest against Satans assaults, 530; is Gods gift, 531; being from love of God, is from grace, 532; likens to God, 532; her words by St. Paul, 535; is it Gods gift? 535, 536.
Paul, his speaking by permission not of commandment, expounded, 262 sq.; once a persecutor, 309; his counsels and commands concerning marriage and virginity, 421; what “he spared,” 422; the Teacher: “vessel of election,” 442. chose the unmarried state as higher good, 442; rightly allows second marriage, 443; cared not for mens praise, 453; St. Peter corrected by, 461, 462; kept good repute with care, 461; his answer to the high priest, 470; his oaths, 470, 474, 477; right in not “living of the Gospel,” 470; used sympathy, not falsehood, 476; charged by some with a lie, 477; not compelled by want to preach, 509; not using his liberty, 506 509, 510; bearing with the weak, 509; condescending, not of craft, 509, 510; becoming all things to all men: “becoming weak,” 509; relieved by distant Churches, 510; declined gifts to avoid suspicion of venal motives, 510, 511; labored in temporal as well as spiritual works, 511; avoiding suspicion of dishonesty, 513; rejoicing in the liberality of believers, 513; had special times for labor and teaching, at Troas: at Athens, 513, 514; could work by day and night, 515; not receiving support was to avoid offense, 515, 517; because his ministry was among the Gentiles, 515; not contrary to his Lord, 518; used means for self-preservation, 520; rapt into Paradise, 548.
Prayer, the daily, of the believer makes satisfaction for daily trivial sins, 260; remission of lighter sins by, 375; does more than exhortation, 450; spiritual delight in, 452, 453; helped by alms, 452; of the obedient heard, 514; interrupted for necessary labors, 518; posture at, increases fervency: yet is not necessary to it, 542.
Prayer, for the dead, 434; an universal practice, 539; at the Altar, 540; authority for, though not in Scripture: also profit of, 539, 540; do not profit all, 539, 542, 550; for all the faithful departed, 542, 543; for our departed friends, especially, 550.
Priscillianists, exposed by Consentius, 450; inquiries of Consentius about, 457; thought it lawful to deny doctrines, 481, 486, 492; some of their notions, 484; sin less than Catholics in blaspheming, 484, 485; heresy of, overthrown by Catholic Bishops, 485; anathematize Priscillian in pretence, 485.
Prophets, effect of their teaching on multitudes, 364; in time of, women served God by marriage: Gods ancient people a prophet, 444; marriages of, attacked by Faustus, 448; knew only what God thought fit, 548.
Saints, the, resurrection of, 266; shall know at the resurrection the benefits they have received by grace, 267; Church daily renewed in the, 340; general effect of their examples, 364; in heaven cannot sin, 385, 387; differ in merits: in glory: and joy, 426; number of the, to be completed, 453; of Old Testament saved by grace through faith, 533. 534; intercession of: prayers to, 549; prayers to: patrons, 539, 542 sq.; memorial chapels. of, 539, 542.
Satan, as an angel of light, 257; tempted Job, as Adam, by woman, 372, 530; brought low, after his pride, 522; tempts. through or without instruments, 530; hurt not Job, but by Gods power, 530; fell by his own will, 534; exorcised from children, 569.
Scriptures, copies of, in hands of Jews, 342; of the Old Testament often figurative, 460; why contain examples as well as precepts, 470; forbid every lie, 476; no mincing of, 477; knowledge of, praised, 481; true interpretation of, to be urged, 492; three methods to be used with, 493; of Old Testament attacked by Manichees, 349, 350; why hard to defend, 349; fourfold sense of, 349; partial use of, 351; how to deal with, 351, 353; three suppositions about, 352; Churchs belief about, 353; falsely charged with absurdity, 355; believed on Churchs testimony, 362.
Sin and Sins, results of Adams, 246; often put one for the other, 252; of progenitors, 253; guilt of the first, can be washed away only in the blood of Christ, 253; pardon of, extends over the whole mortal life of the saints, 258; trivial, 260, 263; relative magnitude of sins, 262 sq.; two causes of, ignorance and weakness, 264; remission of, 331; impossible to God: original in children, 347; law made to restrain fools from, 351; every action not rightly done is, 360; forgiveness of, in Baptism, 375; none too heinous: some are venial, some remitted by prayers, some, by penance, 374; Catechumens still under, 375; remitted to the faithful in Baptism, 386; spiritual men not exempt from, 390; venial and deadly, 402, 403; none are free from, 439; confession of, 447; not to be committed to save life, 462 sq.; confession of, required, 473; wrongly estimated by carnal men, 474; of others, not to be prevented by our own, 476, 486; not to be done to detect sin, 481; against conscience, 484; not justified by motive, 488; yet made less, 488, 496; venial not allowed, 489; alternatives of, 489, 491; of ignorance or infirmity, 490, 496, 510; forgiven for subsequent good works, 496; comes of our earthly birth: is the sting of death. 500.
Son, The, anointed by the Father, 339; said to suffer because His humanity suffered: of God is God: of man is man: of God is Almighty: why Only Son, 370; doth what He will: One God with the Father, 370; of God suffered and died: begotten before all times, 371.
Souls pure, God dwells in, 353; of the faithful departed, at rest, 541, 543; obtain the resurrection of the body, 542; rest of, not affected by the condition of the body, 540–543; nor by the events of the world, 547, 548; some free from all suffering, 547.
Spirit Holy, signified by finger of God, 305; the Apostles filled with, 342; continence the gift of Gods, 354; signified by mens actions, 460; God, as dwelling in Temple, 350; consubstantial and coequal: called “Love,” 374; heareth all things, 471; the fire of Divine Love, 532; hence the source of patience, 532, 534.
Testament, Old, food for infant souls, 349; agrees with New, 349. passages that seem to condemn it, 351; veil of removed, 351; what the charge against, 353; St. Augustins belief about, 353; St. Ambroses exposition of, 356; charges brought against, 365; two, signified by Abrahams sons, 470.
Theft, from rich not lawful, 467; is “from the mouth” of the heart, 472; some think too much of, as compared with sins of luxury, 474; though to feed the poor, 488; is less sin than lewdness: one worse than another, 488, 489.
Truth, St. Augustins early love of, 347; belief prepares for beholding, 348, 349; search after, 354 sq.; lovers of, believe authority: why, made hard to discover, 361; God is, 363; state of mind needful for seeking, 365; of every statement in Scripture, 422; may be spoken in order to deceive, 459; comprises every eternal good, 463; eternal, distinguished from ordinary, 467, 474, 475; notion of keeping “in the heart,” 471, 486; love of, allows not false witness, 473; may be preferred to everything external, 475, 498; not to be wronged in defending it, 481; every lie contrary to, 483; to be kept with those without: some to be concealed from aliens, 487; nothing against it “just,” 495; defended by examples of chastity, 499, 500.
Virgin, (see Mary,) God most fitly born of a, 339; the Blessed, 403; the blessed, a type and pattern, 417; what was her highest blessedness, 418, 419; had vowed virginity, 418; was born of Christ: how both a Mother and a Virgin, 418.
Virginity, preferred to marriage, 397, 411, 422; is angelic, 403, 420; the greater of two goods, 411; to be guarded by humility, 413; that of the blessed Virgin, 418; a good, for the sake of the future life, 420, 421, 423, 424; its joys in heaven, 426; the gift of God, 432; its fruits hundredfold, 434; inferior to martyrdom, 435; preferred by St. Paul to conjugal faith, 442; goodness of, makes not marriage evil, 442; of children, a compensation to parents, 445, 448; forsaking, after profession is sinful, 445; of the Church, 446.
Virgins, brought to Christ everywhere, 340; all holy ones are Mothers of Christ, 418; rich, how they may give birth to members of Christ, 419; distinguished from sacred Virgins, 420; no “command” concerning, 421; have peculiar joys in heaven, 426; follow the Lamb, 427; need humility, 428; their grounds for loving God, 432; may be less fit than married women for martyrdom, 434, 435; encouragement to, 437; should love the fairness of Christ, 437; distinguished from the “unmarried,” 442; before widows in the kingdom, 451; special song of, 451.
Vows, freely made, makes what was lawful unlawful. 443; wrong to desire to revoke, 445; marriage after, is not adultery, 446; but yet is worse, 446; of continence recommended, 450; a protection, 452; marriage to Christ by, 446; more laudable because not required, 446.
Widowhood, forsaking, after profession is a sin, 445; this is not adultery, but worse, 446; long and early, greater test of continence, 447; prayer and fasting make better, 448; hard questions about, 448.
Widows, their continence, 434; Fourth Council forbade (professed widows) to marry again, 441; may be called unmarried: better among the members of Christ than married women, 442; may marry again, as Ruth, 443; more blessed if not, as Anna, 443, 447; not therefore better than Ruth herself, 444; do better in not marrying now that Christ is come, 444; having family, have no good reason to marry, 445; what they should do according to their ability, 445; merits of, in different cases compared, 447; luxurious living of, condemned, 452; humility an ornament to, 448; alms help their prayers, 452; to draw others to like profession, 453.
Will (see Freedom of), of God, invariable, 369; true submission of, to God, 373; of man, admonished and healed by grace, 449; free, made too much of, by some, 450; if man works on, much more God helps, 450; God not lost but by, 530; free, of man, gets not patience by itself, 531; why it produces hardness, yet not true patience, 531, 532; evil, made frantic by devilish incitements: the devil became devil by his own, 534; has not love of God, but by His gift, 534.
Wisdom, mans true, is the fear of God, 237; to be found in true religion, 354; implies knowledge concerning God and man, 360; he who has not, knows not, 361; prayer to God for, 363; is Gods gift, 433, 450; patience handmaid of, 528; true and false, true from God, 531.
Witness, false forbidden, 460, 467, 469; question if lawful to save life, 464; about God or Christ, 464, 467; definition of, 467, 468; incompatible with love of truth, 473; false, might seem expedient at times, 488.
World, spirit of this, puffs up, 449; cares of, lower married holiness, 451; passing away, a reason against marrying, 452; waits for the number of Saints, 453; trials of, require patience, 529; love of, produces worldly endurance, 532, 534; lust comes of, but also of mans will, 532 sq.
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