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Divinity of Christ, book by H. H. Pope Shenouda III
8- Jesus' Relations with the Holy Spirit
With Respect to His Other Relations with the Holy Spirit
In this proof, we will present two important points:
(A) The Holy Spirit Takes of What Is Christ's
In the Lord's discourse with His disciples about the Holy Spirit, He said: "He will glorify Me, for He will take of what is Mine and declare it to you" (Jn. 16:14), and: "All things that the Father has are Mine. Therefore I said that He will take of Mine and declare it to you" (Jn. 15:16).
How is it possible that the Spirit of God takes from another to give to people? How can this possibly be said about the Spirit of God who spoke through the prophets and taught them everything and granted them different gifts? How can the Spirit of God take from Christ unless Christ is God Himself?
What is the spiritual interpretation of the Holy Spirit taking of what is Christ's?
Christ is the Incarnate Second Person of the Holy Trinity. The Second Person is the Person of Reason, Knowledge, Understanding and Rational Expression in the Holy Trinity. Therefore, theologically speaking, the Holy Spirit can take from the Person of Knowledge. The Lord Jesus Christ explained this when He said: "All things that the Father has are Mine" (Jn. 16:15).
(B) Christ Was Conceived of the Holy Spirit
In the story of the birth of Christ, we see that St. Matthew the Evangelist says: "After His mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with Child of the Holy Spirit" (Matt. 1: 18). This declaration is confirmed when the angel said to Joseph, "for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit" (Matt. 1:20). And St. Luke the Evangelist recorded the words of the angel to the Virgin Mary: "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Highest will overshadow you, therefore, also, that Holy One who is to be born will be called the Son of God' (Lk. 1:35).
Who then is Christ? And what is His Nature?
(1) Christ is of the Spirit of God, as St. Matthew the Apostle says, "...for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit." That is why the Holy Spirit came upon the Virgin Mary and she was found with Child of the Holy Spirit. Since Christ was born of the Holy Spirit, therefore His birth has two consequences, in accordance with the Gospel of St. Luke the Evangelist: First, that He is Holy and second, that He is the Son of God. Both consequences indicate His Divinity.
(2) God is Spirit (Jn. 4:24) and Christ is of the Spirit of God, and we have discussed this issue before here on st-takla.org in other pages. Therefore He is of the very essence of God and has the same Nature with Him. That is why He is called Holy which is one of God's names, as the Virgin called Him in her magnificient: "And holy is His name" (Lk. 1:49).
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