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Comparative Theology, book by H. H. Pope Shenouda III
21- Why should a person whose parents were baptised and saved from Adam's sin, be baptised as well?
We did not inherit the penalty of death from our immediate parents so that we are saved if they are baptised, but we inherited it directly from Adam and Eve: the first of the human race. We were in Adam's loins. When Adam's nature sinned and he was condemned to death, everything in his loins became mortal, and we have discussed this issue before here on st-takla.org in other pages. We came out of Adam's loins under the penalty of death. Therefore the sentence of death was passed on Adam and all his offspring; not only on Cain, Abel and Seth. Concerning this, the Holy Bible says: “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned" (Rom.5: 12) and also "For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive" (1Cor.15: 22). Hence death was a judgment on the entire human race, being the offspring of Adam. Every born human being is condemned to death because He was in Adam's loins when Adam was condemned to death.
Salvation from death is an individual salvation, whether or not the parents received it. This salvation needs repentance and belief in baptism and in Christ's Blood as well as in all the means of Grace. There are no parents without sin. The Psalmist says: "Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me" (Ps.51: 5).
We are born in sin until liberated from the bondage of corruption (Rom.8: 21). When are we going to be liberated from this corruption? The Apostle says about our bodies: "So also is the resurrection of the dead. The body is sown in corruption, it is raised in incorruption. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality" (1Cor. 15: 42,53). When will this be? When the trumpet will sound and the dead will be raised.
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