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Nicene and Ante-Nicene Fathers, Ser. II, Vol. III:
The Ecclesiastical History, Dialogues, and Letters of Theodoret.: Of Theodorus, bishop of Mopsuestia.

Early Church Fathers  Index     

Chapter XXXIX.—Of Theodorus, bishop of Mopsuestia.

When the divine Theodorus was ruling the church of Antioch, Theodorus, bishop of Mopsuestia, a doctor of the whole church and successful combatant against every heretical phalanx, ended this life. He had enjoyed the teaching of the great Diodorus, and was the friend and fellow-worker of the holy John, for they both together benefited by the spiritual draughts given by Diodorus. Six-and-thirty years he had spent in his bishopric, fighting against the forces of Arius and Eunomius, struggling against the piratical band of Apollinarius, and finding the best pasture for God’s sheep. 957 His brother Polychronius 958 was the excellent bishop of Apamea, a man gifted with great eloquence and of illustrious character.

I shall now make an end of my history, and shall entreat those who meet with it to requite my labour with their prayers. The narrative now embraces a period of 105 years, beginning from the Arian madness and ending with the death of the admirable Theodorus and Theodotus. 959 I will give a list of the bishops of great cities after the persecution.

List of the bishops of great cities.

Of Rome:—

Miltiades............................................................................................. [Melchiades. 311–314]

Silvester.................................................................................................................. [314–335]

Julius................................................................................ [337–352. Mark Jan. to Oct., 336]

Liberius................................................................................................................... [352–366]

Damasus................................................................................................................. [366–384]

Siricius.................................................................................................................... [384–398]

Anastasius............................................................................................................... [398–401]

Innocentius.............................................................................................................. [402–417]

Bonifacius..........................................................................................................  960 [418–422]

Zosimus.................................................................................................................. [417–418]

Cælestinus.............................................................................................................. [422–432]

Of Antioch:—

Vitalius (Orthodox)................................................................................................. [312–318]

Philogonius (Orthodox)........................................................................................... [318–323]

Eustathius (Orthodox)........................................................................................  961 [325–328]

Eulalius (Arians)................................................................................................  962 [328–330]

Euphronius (Arians).........................................................................................  963 [330–332]

Placidus (Arians)..................................................................................................... [332–342]

Stephanus (Arians).................................................................................................. [342–348]

Leontius (Arians)..................................................................................................... [348–357]

Eudoxius (Arians).................................................................................................... [357–359]

Meletius (Orthodox)....................................................................................... [360 (died) 381]

Flavianus (Orthodox).............................................................................................. [381–404]

Porphyrius (Orthodox)............................................................................................ [404–413]

Alexander (Orthodox)............................................................................................. [413–419]

Theodotus (Orthodox)............................................................................................ [419–429]

Paulinus III. (Eustathians)........................................................................................ [362–388]

Evagrius (Eustathians)................................................................................................. [388– ]

Of Alexandria:—

Peter....................................................................................................................... [301–312]

Achillas................................................................................................................... [312–313]

Alexander............................................................................................................... [313–326]

Athanasius.............................................................................................................. [326–341]

Gregory (Arian)...................................................................................................... [341–347]

Athanasius.............................................................................................................. [347–356]

George (heretic)...................................................................................................... [356–362]

Athanasius.............................................................................................................. [363–373]

Peter (disciple of Athanasius)................................................................................... [373–373]

Lucius (Arian)......................................................................................................... [373–377]

Peter....................................................................................................................... [377–378]

Timothy.................................................................................................................. [378–385]

Theophilus.............................................................................................................. [385–412]

Cyril....................................................................................................................... [412–444]

Of Jerusalem:—

Macarius................................................................................................................. [324–336]

Maximus................................................................................................................. [336–350]

Cyril....................................................................................................................... [350–388]

John........................................................................................................................ [388–416]

Praylius................................................................................................................... [416–425]

Juvenalius................................................................................................................ [425–458]

Of Constantinopole:

Alexander............................................................................................................... [326–340]

Eusebius of Nicomedia (Arian)................................................................................ [340–342]

Paul the Confessor.................................................................................................. [342–342]

Macedonius the enemy of the Holy Ghost................................................................ [342–360]

The impious Eudoxius.............................................................................................. [360–370]

Demophilus of Berœa in Thrace (heretic)..................................................................... [370– ]

Gregory of Nazianzus.......................................................................................  964 [380–381]

Nectarius................................................................................................................ [381–398]

John Chrysostom.................................................................................................... [398–404]

Arsacius.................................................................................................................. [404–406]

Atticus.................................................................................................................... [406–426]

Sissinnius................................................................................................................ [426–428]


Footnotes

159:957

Theodorus was born at Antioch in 350, consecrated bishop of Mopsuestia in 392, and died in 428 in Cilicia.

159:958

The evidence is in favour of distinguishing this Polychronius from the monk described in the Religious History.

159:959

“The date of the death of Theodotus is fixed for a.d. 429 by a passage of Theodoret’s letter to Dioscorus, where, when speaking of his having taught for six years under him at Antioch, he refers to his blessed and holy memory, combined with one in his history, stating that the death of Theodore of Mopsuestia took place in the episcopate of Theodotus.” Dict. Christ. Biog. iv. 983.

The last event referred to by Theodoretus seems to be the accession of Isdigirdes II. in 440. Vide pp. 155, 156.

159:960

cf. note on p. 156.

159:961

Paulinus I. intervenes, 321–325.

159:962

Paulinus II., 328–329, intervenes.

159:963

On the difficulty of the Paulini, cf. Dict. of Christ. Biog. iv. 232 and ii. 322.

159:964

Evagrius intervenes 370.


Next: Dialogues. The “Eranistes” or “Polymorphus” of the Blessed Theodoretus, Bishop of Cyrus.

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