The Scripture does not inform us whether before Abrahams time righteous men or their children were marked by any bodily or visible sign. 2000 Abraham himself, indeed, received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of faith. 2001 And he received it with this accompanying injunction: All the male infants of his household were from that very time to be circumcised, while fresh from their mothers womb, on the eighth day from their birth; 2002 so that even they who were not yet able with the heart to believe unto righteousness, should nevertheless receive the seal of the righteousness of faith. p. 249 And this command was imposed with so fearful a sanction, that God said: “That soul shall be cut off from his people, whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised on the eighth day.” 2003 If inquiry be made into the justice of so terrible a penalty, will not the entire argument of these men about free will, and the laudable soundness and purity of nature, however cleverly maintained, fall to pieces, struck down and fractured to atoms? For, pray tell me, what evil has an infant committed of his own will, that, for the negligence of another in not circumcising him, he himself must be condemned, and with so severe a condemnation, that that soul must be cut off from his people? It was not of any temporal death that this fear was inflicted, since of righteous persons, when they died, it used rather to be said, “And he was gathered unto his people;” 2004 or, “He was gathered to his fathers:” 2005 for no attempt to separate a man from his people is long formidable to him, when his own people is itself the people of God.
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