Chapter 51.—99. Taking all these things, therefore, into consideration, I think that I am not rash in saying that there are some in the house of God after such a fashion as not to be themselves the very house of God, which is said to be built upon a rock, 1900 which is called the one dove, 1901 which is styled the beauteous bride without spot or wrinkle, 1902 and a garden enclosed, a fountain sealed, a well of living water, an orchard of pomegranates with pleasant fruits; 1903 which house also received the keys, and the power of binding and loosing. 1904 If any one shall neglect this p. 512 house when it arrests and corrects him, the Lord says, "Let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican." 1905 Of this house it is said, "Lord, I have loved the habitation of Thy house, and the place where Thine honor dwelleth;" 1906 and, "He maketh men to be of one mind in an house;" 1907 and, "I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go into the house of the Lord;" 1908 and, "Blessed are they that dwell in Thy house, O Lord; they will be still praising Thee;" 1909 with countless other passages to the same effect. This house is also called wheat, bringing forth fruit with patience, some thirty-fold, some sixtyfold, and some an hundredfold. 1910 This house is also in vessels of gold and of silver, 1911 and in precious stones and imperishable woods. To this house it is said, "Forbearing one another in love, endeavoring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace;" 1912 and, "For the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are." 1913 For this house is composed of those that are good and faithful, and of the holy servants of God dispersed throughout the world, and bound together by the unity of the Spirit, whether they know each other personally or not. But we hold that others are said to be in the house after such a sort, that they belong not to the substance of the house, nor to the society of fruitful and peaceful justice, but only as the chaff is said to be among the corn; for that they are in the house we cannot deny, when the apostle says, "But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honor, and some to dishonor." 1914 Of this countless multitude are found to be not only the crowd which within the Church afflicts the hearts of the saints, who are so few in comparison with so vast a host, but also the heresies and schisms which exist in those who have burst the meshes of the net, and may now be said to be rather out of the house than in the house, of whom it is said, "They went out from us, but they were not of us." 1915 For they are more thoroughly separated, now that they are also divided from us in the body, than are those who live within the Church in a carnal and worldly fashion, and are separated from us in the spirit.
Eph. v. 27; cp. Retract. ii. 18.511:1903 511:1904 512:1905 512:1906 512:1907
Ps. lxviii. 6; cp. LXX. and Hieron.512:1908 512:1909 512:1910 512:1911 512:1912 512:1913 512:1914
2 Tim. ii. 20. In Retract. ii. 18, Augustin says that he thinks the meaning of this last passage to be, not as Cyprian took it, Ep. liv. 3, that the vessels of gold and silver are the good, which are to honor; the vessels of wood and earth the wicked, which are to dishonor: but that the material of the vessels refers to the outward appearance of the several members of the Church, and that in each class some will be found to honor, and some to dishonor. This interpretation he derives from Tychonius.512:1915
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