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Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Vol. III:
Moral Treatises of St. Augustin: Section 39

Early Church Fathers  Index     

39. I fear, I say, greatly for thee, lest, when thou boastest that thou wilt follow the Lamb wheresoever He shall have gone, thou be unable by reason of swelling pride to follow Him through strait ways. It is good for thee, O virgin soul, that thus, as thou art a virgin, thus altogether keeping in thy heart that thou hast been born again, keeping in thy flesh that thou hast been born, thou yet conceive of the fear of the Lord, and give birth to the spirit of salvation. 2142 “Fear,” indeed, “there is not in charity, but perfect charity,” as it is written, “casteth out fear:” 2143 but fear of men, not of God: fear of temporal evils, not of the Divine Judgment at the last. “Be not thou high-minded, but fear.” 2144 Love thou the goodness of God; fear thou His severity: neither suffers thee to be proud. For by loving you fear, lest you grievously offend One Who is loved and loves. For what more grievous offense, than that by pride thou displease Him, Who for thy sake hath been displeasing to the proud? And where ought there to be more that “chaste fear abiding for ever and ever,” 2145 than in thee, who hast no thought of the things of this world, how to please a wedded partner; but of the things of the Lord, how to please the Lord? 2146 That other fear is not in charity, but this chaste fear quitteth not charity. If you love not, fear lest you perish; if you love, fear lest you displease. That fear charity casteth out, with this it runneth within. The Apostle Paul also says, “For we have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but we have received the spirit of adoption of sons, wherein we cry, Abba, Father.” 2147 I believe that he speaks of that fear, which had been given in the Old Testament, lest the temporal goods should be lost, which God had promised unto those not yet sons under grace, but as yet slaves under the law. There is also the fear of eternal fire, to serve God in order to avoid which is assuredly not yet of perfect charity. For the desire of the reward is one thing, the fear of punishment another. They are different sayings, “Whither shall I go away from Thy Spirit, and from Thy face whither shall I flee?” 2148 and, “One thing I have sought of the Lord, this I will seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the Lord through all the days of my life, that I may consider the delight of the Lord, that I be protected in His temple:” 2149 and, “Turn not away Thy face from me:” 2150 and, “My soul longeth and fainteth unto the courts of the Lord.” 2151 Those sayings let him have had, who dared not to lift up his eyes to heaven; and she who was watering with tears His feet, in order to obtain pardon for her grievous sins; but these do thou have, who art careful about the things of the Lord, to be holy both in body and spirit. With those sayings there companies fear which hath torment, which p. 432 perfect charity casteth forth; but with these sayings there companies chaste fear of the Lord, that abideth for ever and ever. And to both kinds it must be said, “Be not thou high-minded, but fear;” 2152 that man neither of defense of his sins, nor of presumption of righteousness set himself up. For Paul also himself, who saith, “For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear;” 2153 yet, fear being a companion of charity, saith, “With fear and much trembling was I towards you:” 2154 and that saying, which I have mentioned, that the engrafted wild olive tree be not proud against the broken branches of the olive tree, himself made use of, saying, “Be not thou high-minded, but fear;” himself admonishing all the members of Christ in general, saith, “With fear and trembling work out your own salvation; for it is God Who worketh in you both to will and to do, according to His good pleasure;” 2155 that it seem not to pertain unto the Old Testament what is written, “Serve the Lord in fear, and rejoice unto Him with trembling.” 2156



Isa. 26.18Is. xxvi. 18. See LXX.


1 John 4.181 John iv. 18. [See R.V.]


Rom. 11.20Rom. xi. 20


Ps. 19.9Ps. xix. 9


1 Cor. 7.321 Cor. vii. 32


Rom. 8.15Rom. viii. 15


Ps. 139.7Ps. cxxxix. 7


Ps. 27.4Ps. xxvii. 4


Ps. 27.9Ps. xxvii. 9


Ps. 84.2Ps. lxxxiv. 2


Rom. 11.20Rom. xi. 20


Rom. 8.15Rom. viii. 15


1 Cor. 2.31 Cor. ii. 3


Phil. 2:12, 13Phil. 2:12, 13. [See R.V.]


Ps. 2.11Ps. ii. 11

Next: Section 40