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30 a@yuxon kai a0no/hton.

31 Isa. liii. 4.

32 John xi. 33, xii. 27, xiii. 21.

33 Matt. xxvi. 38.

34 Isa. liii. 5.

35 Baruch iii. 38.

36 Luke ii. 14.

37 John xvi. 33.

38 Rom. v. 12, viii. 3.

39 Acts i. 7.

40 Isa. liii. 8.

41 Or, the name of God.

42 Isa. lii. 5.

43 As widely different from the other councils as the Apostles from their successors, and part of its decisions were local and temporary. For all that, it was the greatest of councils, and truly General.

44 These numbers indicate the ordinary reckoning of writers, and is correct ecclesiastically. The Council of Jerusalem, however, is the base of Christian orthodoxy, and decided the great principles by which the "General Councils" were professedly ruled.

45 Theological students are often puzzled to recall the councils in order, and not less to recall the rejected heresies. I have found two mnemonics useful, thus: (1) INCE and (CCC) three hundred; (2) JAS. NEMM. Dulce est desipere, etc.

46 a.d. 325 to 680 is the Synodical Period. Gregory I. (Rome) placed the first four councils next to the four Gospels.

1 A Topical Discourse by our holy father Gregory, surnamed Thaumaturgus, bishop of Neo-Caesareia in Pontus, addressed to Tatian.

2 [A person not known.]

3 [True to the universal testimony of the primitive Fathers as to Holy Scripture.]

4 [Aristotle; Physica. Elucidation I.]

5 e0nnoi/aij.

6 eu0para/dekta.

7 aisqh/sei.

8 noh/sei.

9 fantasi/an.

10 e0nergeiw=n.

11 w0qoumenon.

12 e9lko/menon.

13 ou0si/a.

14 tw=n e0nanti/wn parame/roj ei\nai dektiko/n, parame/roj, here apparently = in turn, though usually = out of turn.

15 The text has an apparent inversion: to\ e0n w\| th\n u@parcin e@xon kai\ ou\ a@neu ei\nai mh\ duna/meno/, ai@tion e0kei/nou e0kei/nou ei\nai tou= e0n w\| esti. There is also a variety of reading: kai\ o9 a\neu tou= ei\nau ,h\ duna/menon.

16 e@myuxon.

17 polumerh/j.

18 su/nqeton.

19 o@gkon.

20 [These are Aristotle's accidents, of which, see Thomas Aquinas and the schoolmen passim.]

21 fqartikon.