Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol III:Early Church Fathers Index Previous Next
Tertullian: Part II: Carpocrates, Cerinthus, Ebion.
Chapter III.—Carpocrates, Cerinthus, Ebion.
Carpocrates, furthermore, introduced the following sect. He affirms that there is one Virtue, the chief among the upper (regions): that out of this were produced angels and Virtues, which, being far distant from the upper Virtues, created this world 8373 in the lower regions: that Christ was not born of the Virgin Mary, but was generated—a mere human being—of the seed of Joseph, superior (they admit) above all others in the practice of righteousness and in integrity of life; that He suffered among the Jews; and that His soul alone was received in heaven as having been more firm and hardy than all others: whence he would infer, retaining only the salvation of souls, that there are no resurrections of the body.
After him brake out the heretic Cerinthus, teaching similarly. For he, too, says that the world 8374 was originated by those angels; 8375 and sets forth Christ as born of the seed of Joseph, contending that He was merely human, without divinity; affirming also that the Law was given by angels; 8376 representing the God of the Jews as not the Lord, but an angel.
His successor was Ebion, 8377 not agreeing with Cerinthus in every point; in that he affirms the world 8378 to have been made by God, not by angels; and because it is written, “No disciple above his master, nor servant above his lord,” 8379 sets forth likewise the law p. 652 as binding, 8380 of course for the purpose of excluding the gospel and vindicating Judaism.
“Ab illis” is perhaps an error for “ab angelis,” by absorption of the first syllable. So Routh has conjectured before me.651:8376
“Ab angelis:” an erroneous notion, which professed probably to derive support from John 1:17, Acts 7:53, Gal. 3:19, where, however, the Greek prepositions should be carefully noted, and ought in no case to be rendered by “ab.”651:8377
See Matt. 10:24, Luke 4:40, John 13:16.652:8380
i.e., as Rig.s quotation from Jeromes Indiculus (in Oehler) shows, “because in so far as, Christ observed it.”
Next: Valentinus, Ptolemy and Secundus, Heracleon.
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