St-Takla.org  >   bible  >   commentary  >   en  >   ot  >   matthew-henry  >   kings1
St-Takla.org  >   bible  >   commentary  >   en  >   ot  >   matthew-henry  >   kings1

Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible - Old Testament

First Kings 15 (Chapter XV Study)

 

First Kings Exposition: Index | Introduction to the book of First Kings | First Kings 1 | First Kings 2 | First Kings 3 | First Kings 4 | First Kings 5 | First Kings 6 | First Kings 7 | First Kings 8 | First Kings 9 | First Kings 10 | First Kings 11 | First Kings 12 | First Kings 13 | First Kings 14 | First Kings 15 | First Kings 16 | First Kings 17 | First Kings 18 | First Kings 19 | First Kings 20 | First Kings 21 | First Kings 22

First Kings full text: First Kings 1 | First Kings 2 | First Kings 3 | First Kings 4 | First Kings 5 | First Kings 6 | First Kings 7 | First Kings 8 | First Kings 9 | First Kings 10 | First Kings 11 | First Kings 12 | First Kings 13 | First Kings 14 | First Kings 15 | First Kings 16 | First Kings 17 | First Kings 18 | First Kings 19 | First Kings 20 | First Kings 21 | First Kings 22

In this chapter we have an abstract of the history, I. Of two of the kings of Judah, Abijam, the days of whose reign were few and evil (ver. 1-8), and Asa, who reigned well and long, ver. 9-24. II. Of two of the kings of Israel, Nadab the son of Jeroboam, and Baasha the destroyer of Jeroboam's house, ver. 25-34.

Abijam's Reign. (b. c. 958.)

1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. " alt="St-Takla.org Image: Baasha’s army took the city of Ramah and fortified it. They now controlled the border so no-one could go in and out of Judah. (1 Kings 15: 16-17) (2 Chronicles 16: 1) - "King Asa fails to trust god and faces conflict" images set (1 Kings 15:16-24, 2 Chronicles 16:1-13): image (5) - 1 Kings, Bible illustrations by James Padgett (1931-2009), published by Sweet Media صورة في موقع الأنبا تكلا: "وكانت حرب بين آسا وبعشا ملك إسرائيل كل أيامهما. وصعد بعشا ملك إسرائيل على يهوذا وبنى الرامة لكي لا يدع أحدا يخرج أو يدخل إلى آسا ملك يهوذا" (الملوك الأول 15: 16-17) - "في السنة السادسة والثلاثين لملك آسا صعد بعشا ملك إسرائيل على يهوذا، وبنى الرامة لكيلا يدع أحدا يخرج أو يدخل إلى آسا ملك يهوذا" (أخبار أيام الثاني 16: 1) - مجموعة "الملك آسا يفشل في الثقة في الله ويجابه الحرب" (ملوك الأول 15: 16-24, أخبار الأيام الثاني 16: 1-13) - صورة (5) - صور سفر الملوك الأول، رسم جيمز بادجيت (1931-2009)، إصدار شركة سويت ميديا" width="640" height="480">

St-Takla.org Image: Baasha’s army took the city of Ramah and fortified it. They now controlled the border so no-one could go in and out of Judah. (1 Kings 15: 16-17) (2 Chronicles 16: 1) - "King Asa fails to trust god and faces conflict" images set (1 Kings 15:16-24, 2 Chronicles 16:1-13): image (5) - 1 Kings, Bible illustrations by James Padgett (1931-2009), published by Sweet Media

صورة في موقع الأنبا تكلا: "وكانت حرب بين آسا وبعشا ملك إسرائيل كل أيامهما. وصعد بعشا ملك إسرائيل على يهوذا وبنى الرامة لكي لا يدع أحدا يخرج أو يدخل إلى آسا ملك يهوذا" (الملوك الأول 15: 16-17) - "في السنة السادسة والثلاثين لملك آسا صعد بعشا ملك إسرائيل على يهوذا، وبنى الرامة لكيلا يدع أحدا يخرج أو يدخل إلى آسا ملك يهوذا" (أخبار أيام الثاني 16: 1) - مجموعة "الملك آسا يفشل في الثقة في الله ويجابه الحرب" (ملوك الأول 15: 16-24, أخبار الأيام الثاني 16: 1-13) - صورة (5) - صور سفر الملوك الأول، رسم جيمز بادجيت (1931-2009)، إصدار شركة سويت ميديا

VI. The troubles of his reign. For the most part he prospered; but, 1. Baasha king of Israel was a very troublesome neighbour to him. He reigned twenty-four years, and all his days had war, more or less, with Asa, v. 16. This was the effect of the division of the kingdoms, that they were continually vexing one another, and so weakened one another, which made them both an easier prey to the common enemy. 2. In his old age he was himself afflicted with the gout: He was diseased in his feet, which made him less fit for business and peevish towards those about him.

VII. The conclusion of his reign. The acts of it were more largely recorded in the common history (to which reference is here had, v. 23) than in this sacred one. He reigned long, but finished at last with honour, and left his throne to a successor no way inferior to him.

The Reign of Nadab and Baasha. (b. c. 954.)

25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.   26 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.   27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.   28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead.   29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him, according unto the saying of the Lord, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite:   30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the Lord God of Israel to anger.   31 Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?   32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.   33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.   34 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.

We are now to take a view of the miserable state of Israel, while the kingdom of Judah was happy under Asa's good government. It was threatened that they should be as a reed shaken in the water (ch. xiv. 15), and so they were, when, during the single reign of Asa, the government of their kingdom was in six or seven different hands, as we find in this and the following chapter. Jeroboam was upon the throne in the beginning of his reign and Ahab at the end of it, and between them were Nadab, Baasha, Elah, Zimri, Tibni, and Omri, undermining and destroying one another. This they got by deserting the house both of God and of David. Here we have, 1. The ruin and extirpation of the family of Jeroboam, according to the word of the Lord by Ahijah. His son Nadab succeeded him. If the death of his brother Abijah had had a due influence upon him to make him religious, and the honour done him at his death had engaged him to follow his good example, his reign might have been long and glorious; but he walked in the way of his father (v. 26), kept up the worship of his calves, and forbade his subjects to go up to Jerusalem to worship, sinned and made Israel to sin, and therefore God brought ruin upon him quickly, in the second year of his reign. He was besieging Gibbethon, a city which the Philistines had taken from the Danites, and was endeavouring to re-take it; and there, in the midst of his army, did Baasha, with others, conspire against him and kill him, (v. 27), and so little interest had he in the affections of his people that his army did not only not avenge his death, but chose his murderer for his successor. Whether Baasha did it upon a personal pique against Nadab, or to be avenged on the house of Jeroboam for some affront received from them, or whether under pretence of freeing his country from the tyranny of a bad prince, or whether merely from a principle of ambition, to make way for himself to the throne, does not appear; but he slew him and reigned in his stead, v. 28. And the first thing he did when he came to the crown was to cut off all the house of Jeroboam, that he might the better secure himself and his own usurped government. He thought it not enough to imprison or banish them, but he destroyed them, left not only no males (as was foretold, ch. xiv. 10), but none that breathed. Herein he was barbarous, but God was righteous. Jeroboam's sin was punished (v. 30); for those that provoke God do it to their own confusion; see Jer. vii. 19. Ahijah's prophecy was accomplished (v. 29); for no word of God shall fall to the ground. Divine threatenings are not bugbears. 2. The elevation of Baasha. He shall be tried awhile, as Jeroboam was. Twenty-four years he reigned (v. 33), but showed that it was not from any dislike to Jeroboam's sin that he destroyed his family, but from malice and ambition; for, when he had rooted out the sinner, he himself clave to the sin, and walked in the way of Jeroboam (v. 34), though he had seen the end of that way; so strangely was his heart hardened with the deceitfulness of sin.

St-Takla.org                     Divider of Saint TaklaHaymanot's website فاصل - موقع الأنبا تكلاهيمانوت

Other commentaries and interpretations on the Book of First Kings:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22

Related pages and articles at St-Takla.org


© st-takla.org : Saint Takla Haymanout Website: General Portal for the Coptic Orthodox Church Faith, Egypt / Contact us at:

Bible | Daily Readings | Agbeya | Books | Lyrics | Gallery | Media | Links | Contact us

https://st-takla.org/bible/commentary/en/ot/matthew-henry/kings1/ch15.html