The 13th Dynasty was a time of weak rulers—50 or 60 in 150 years. The Second Intermediate period (14th-17th dynasties) was again a time of divided rule in Egypt. The Hyksos, foreign invaders from western Asia, entered the land and set themselves up as rulers in their own right. This had a lasting impact on the land, because the Hyksos brought to Egypt new technology and, at the same time, gave the Egyptians a broader view of their place in the Mediterranean world. Once again, however, the reunification of Egypt came from Thebes, the foreigners were expelled, and a single kingship was established. The New Kingdom, beginning with the 18th Dynasty, came to be a period of great power, wealth, and influence exemplified by extensive foreign trade and conquest.
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