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Ancient Egypt's History

Middle Kingdom - Architecture



The architecture of the Middle Kingdom (the time from Mentuhotep II through the 13th Dynasty) is not well represented by preserved examples. A small building of Sesostris I (reigned 1962-1928 BC) of the 12th Dynasty, however, has been recovered from one of the later pylons of the temple at Al Karnak for which its blocks were reused as filling material. This small chapel, actually a station for the procession of a sacred boat, may be used to typify the style of the time. Essentially cubic in design and constructed on a strict post-and-lintel system, this small building has a purity of line and controlled proportions that give it a timeless character. The piers are decorated in fine raised relief with images of the king and the gods.


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