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Ancient Egypt's History

Old Kingdom



About 3100 BC the country was united under one rule by strong chieftains from the south. The idea, however, that the country had two distinct parts—Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north—was always remembered. This important event, or one of the stages leading to it, was commemorated on the carved stone Palette of King Narmer (circa 3100 BC, Egyptian Museum, Cairo), on which the king, wearing the crown of the south, is shown subjugating peoples of the north.