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10- Verb to HAVE “فعل ”يملك

 

* It is used as a principal and a helping verb.

يستخدم كفعل رئيسي وفعل مساعد:

 

Subject

فاعل

Present

مضارع

Past

ماضي

Past participle

 أسم المفعول

 

I, you, we, they

have

had

 

had

 

He, She, It

has

 

had

had

 

نستخدم صيغة المضارع للتعبير عن عادات أو حقائق ثابتة.

نستخدم صيغة الماضي للتعبير عن شيء حصل وانتهى في الماضي.

 
 
 
 
 

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Negative Sentences with verb to HAVE as a main verb
 الجمل المنفية مع فعل ”يملك“ كفعل رئيسي

Subject

فاعل

+ do/does/did

+ not

+ have

+ Complement

تكملة

I

do

not

have

a car.

He

does

not

have

A new watch.

They

did

not

have

breakfast this morning.

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Making Questions with the verb to HAVE as a main verb
 تكوين السؤال مع فعل ”يملك“ كفعل رئيسي

 

“Yes” or “No” questions

 أسئلة إجابتها ب نعم ولا

Short Answers

إجابات مختصرة

Affirmative

إثبات

Negative

نفي

Do/Does/Did

+Subject

فاعل

+have

+ Complement

تكملة

 

Yes + Subject + do/does/did

No + Subject + do/does/did

 +not

Do

you

have

a car?

Yes, I do.

No, I do not.

Does

he

have

a new watch?

Yes, he does.

No, he does not

Did

they

have

Breakfast this morning?

Yes, they did.

No, they did not.

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Verb to HAVE as a helping verb
 فعل ”يملك “ كفعل مساعد

* Verb to have is used as a helping verb to form the perfect tense.

يستخدم فعل يملك كفعل مساعد ليكون زمن المضارع التام.

أمثلة:

* They have lived here for two years.

* Adel has just finished his work.

St-Takla.org                     Divider of Saint TaklaHaymanot's website فاصل - موقع الأنبا تكلاهيمانوت

Negative Sentences with verb to HAVE as a helping verb
 الجمل المنفية مع فعل ”يملك“ كفعل مساعد

 

لتكوين نفي مع فعل يملك نضع not بعد هذا الفعل.

 

 أمثلة:

I have lived here for a long time.

I have not lived here for a long time.

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Making Questions with verb to HAVE as a helping verb
 تكوين السؤال مع فعل ”يملك“ كفعل مساعد

* “Yes” or “No” questions and short answers.

الأسئلة بـ"نعم" و"لا" والإجابات مختصرة:

لتكوين سؤال مع فعل يملك كفعل مساعد نقدم هذا الفعل على الفاعل.

مثال:

* They have lived here for a long time.

* Have they lived here for a long time?

* Yes, they have. No, they have not.

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Other Uses of Verb to HAVE

استخدامات أخرى مع فعل ”يملك“

 

* To express necessity in the present and past have to, has to, had to.

ليعبر عن الضرورة في المضارع والماضي. مثال:

I have to leave now.

 

* With some model auxiliaries.

مع بعض الأفعال الناقصة. مثال:

You had better see a doctor.

 

* To show that something is caused by another person.

ليبين أن شيئًا ما حصل بواسطة شخص آخر. مثال:

I have my shoes cleaned every week.

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