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64- Prepositions حروف الجر

 

حروف الجر كثيرة ومتشابكة، فقد يكون للحرف الواحد أكثر من معنى وذلك حسب موقعه في الجملة. والطريقة المثلى لتعلم حروف الجر هي التدرب عليها من خلال جمل وليست كحروف منفصلة.

 
 

A preposition shows the relation between the subject and the object. There are also prepositions of time and prepositions of place.

 

تدل حروف الجر على العلاقة بين الفاعل والمفعول به ويوجد أيضًا حروف جر دالة على الزمن وحروف جر دالة على المكان.

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Use of Prepositions
 استخدام حروف الجر

Prepositions
 حروف الجر

Use الاستخدام

Example مثال

on

Day الأيام

On Monday

 

Day + morning, night الأيام + الفترة

On Friday morning

 

Afternoon, evening, date التاريخ

My birthday is on June 10.

 

Special days أيام خاصة

I will travel on National Day.

 

To mean above بمعنى فوق

The tea is on the table.

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Prepositions
 حروف الجر

Use الاستخدام

Example مثال

in

Season فصل

The trees grow in spring.

 

Year سنة

I was born in 1968.

 

Month شهر

The test is in May.

 

The morning الصباح

I go to work in the morning.

 

The evening السماء

I go home in the evening

 

To mean above في الداخل

He is in the mosque.

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Prepositions
 حروف الجر

Use الاستخدام

Example مثال

at

Time الوقت

I will come back at 2 oíclock.

 

Festival الأعياد والاحتفالات

I will meat you at the school festival.

 

Meal times أوقات الوجبات

I will talk to my father at lunch.

 

The weekend نهاية الأسبوع

We will travel at the weekend.

 

Noon الظهر

We pray at noon everyday.

 

Night الليل

We sleep at night.

 

To mean place للمكان

He is at the grocerís.

 

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Prepositions of Place الدالة على المكان حروف الجر

Prepositions

حروف الجر

Use

الاستخدام

Example

مثال

at

at an exact placeفي مكان محدد

He lives at number 5, King Fahad Street.

 

at work في العمل

Ahmed is at work.

 

at the table على الطاولة

They are standing at the dinner table

under

بمعنى تحت

The cat is under the table.

in front of

بمعنى أمام

The teacher is in front of the class.

to

direction/place مكان/اتجاه

I go to school everyday.

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Prepositions of Place حروف الجر الدالة على المكان

Prepositions
 حروف الجر

Use الاستخدام

Example مثال

in

To mean inside بمعنى داخل

Put this book in the box.

 

In a country في بلد

I live in Saudi Arabia.

 

In a town./street في مدينة/في شارع

I live in Al-Madina.

 

in bed في الفراش

The baby is in bed.

 

In a building or area في مبنى أو منطقة

You were in the club last night.

 

In a chair على الكرسي

Ali is sitting in his chair.

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Prepositions of Place حروف الجر الدالة على المكان

Prepositions
 حروف الجر

Use الاستخدام

Example مثال

with

بمعنى بـ

I write with a pen.

from

بمعنى من

I am from Riyadh.

behind

بمعنى خلف

The wall is behind the class.

between

بمعنى بين

 

Samah is sitting between Fatma and Salwa.

     

on

TV على شاشة التلفزيون

Ali watches football on TV every Saturday.

 

Time الوقت المحدد

He arrives on time.

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More Examples مزيدًا من الأمثلة

Prepositions

حروف الجر

Example

مثال

in في

The medicine is in the bottle.

on على

The knife is on the table.

at عند، بالقرب

Someone is at the door.

near بالقرب من

Ahmed is sitting near the window.

between بين

The house is between the school and the mosque.

opposite مقابل

The bank is opposite to the post office.

into داخل، في

The electrician is putting his hand into the TV.

onto على

The water is spilling onto the floor.

off من على

The man is falling off the chair.

out of من فوق

The child is falling out of the window.

across عبر، خلال

The carpenter cut across the wood.

over/above فوق، أعلى

The light is over (above) the table.

under/below تحت، أسفل

The fire is under (below) the stairs.

through عبر، خلال

The ball is going through the window.

among وسط

The teacher is sitting among the students.

in في

The medicine is in the bottle.

on على

The knife is on the table.

at عند، بالقرب

Someone is at the door.

near بالقرب من

Ahmed is sitting near the window.

between بين

The house is between the school and the mosque.

opposite مقابل

The bank is opposite to the post office.

into داخل، في

The electrician is putting his hand into the TV.

onto على

The water is spilling onto the floor.

round حول

The car is going round the tree.

in front of أمام

The child is sitting in front of the TV.

behind خلف، وراء

The headmaster is sitting behind the pupils.

on top of فوق، على

The sweets are on top of the table.

at the side of بجانب

The garage is at the side of the house.

along على طول

The man is walking along the street.

next to بجوار

The bank is next to the bakerís.

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