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Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible - Old Testament

First Chronicles 20 (Chapter XX Study)

 

First Chronicles Exposition: Index | Introduction to the book of First Chronicles | First Chronicles 1 | First Chronicles 2 | First Chronicles 3 | First Chronicles 4 | First Chronicles 5 | First Chronicles 6 | First Chronicles 7 | First Chronicles 8 | First Chronicles 9 | First Chronicles 10 | First Chronicles 11 | First Chronicles 12 | First Chronicles 13 | First Chronicles 14 | First Chronicles 15 | First Chronicles 16 | First Chronicles 17 | First Chronicles 18 | First Chronicles 19 | First Chronicles 20 | First Chronicles 21 | First Chronicles 22 | First Chronicles 23 | First Chronicles 24 | First Chronicles 25 | First Chronicles 26 | First Chronicles 27 | First Chronicles 28 | First Chronicles 29

First Chronicles full text: First Chronicles 1 | First Chronicles 2 | First Chronicles 3 | First Chronicles 4 | First Chronicles 5 | First Chronicles 6 | First Chronicles 7 | First Chronicles 8 | First Chronicles 9 | First Chronicles 10 | First Chronicles 11 | First Chronicles 12 | First Chronicles 13 | First Chronicles 14 | First Chronicles 15 | First Chronicles 16 | First Chronicles 17 | First Chronicles 18 | First Chronicles 19 | First Chronicles 20 | First Chronicles 21 | First Chronicles 22 | First Chronicles 23 | First Chronicles 24 | First Chronicles 25 | First Chronicles 26 | First Chronicles 27 | First Chronicles 28 | First Chronicles 29

Here is a repetition of the story of David's wars, I. With the Ammonites, and the taking of Rabbah, ver. 1-3. II. With the giants of the Philistines, ver. 4-8.

The Defeat of the Ammonites. (b. c. 1306.)

1 And it came to pass, that after the year was expired, at the time that kings go out to battle, Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the country of the children of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem. And Joab smote Rabbah, and destroyed it.   2 And David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold, and there were precious stones in it; and it was set upon David's head: and he brought also exceeding much spoil out of the city.   3 And he brought out the people that were in it, and cut them with saws, and with harrows of iron, and with axes. Even so dealt David with all the cities of the children of Ammon. And David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

How the army of the Ammonites and their allies was routed in the field we read in the foregoing chapters. Here we have the destruction of Rabbah, the metropolis of their kingdom (v. 1), the putting of their king's crown upon David's head (v. 2), and the great severity that was used towards the people, v. 3. Of this we had a more full account in 2 Sam. xi., xii., and cannot but remember it by this sad token, that while Joab was besieging Rabbah David fell into that great sin in the matter of Uriah. But it is observable that, though the rest of the story is repeated, that is not: a hint only is given of it, in those words which lie here in a parenthesis—But David tarried at Jerusalem. If he had been abroad with his army, he would have been out of the way of that temptation; but, indulging his ease, he fell into uncleanness. Now, as the relating of the sin David fell into is an instance of the impartiality and fidelity of the sacred writers, so the avoiding of the repetition of it here, when there was a fair occasion given to speak of it again, is designed to teach us that, though there may be a just occasion to speak of the faults and miscarriages of others, yet we should not take delight in the repetition of them. That should always be looked upon as an unpleasing subject which, though sometimes one cannot help falling upon, yet one would not choose to dwell upon, any more than we should love to rake in a dunghill. The persons, or actions, we can say no good of, we had best say nothing of.

4 And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.   5 And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver's beam.   6 And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and six on each foot: and he also was the son of the giant.   7 But when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea David's brother slew him.   8 These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

The Philistines were nearly subdued (ch. xviii. 1); but, as in the destruction of the Canaanites by Joshua the sons of Anak were last subdued (Josh. xi. 21), so here in the conquest of the Philistines the giants of Gath were last brought down. In the conflicts between grace and corruption there are some sins which, like these giants, keep their ground a great while and are not mastered without much difficulty and a long struggle: but judgment will be brought forth unto victory at last. Observe, 1. We never read of giants among the Israelites as we do of the giants among the Philistines-giants of Gath, but not giants of Jerusalem. The growth of God's plants is in usefulness, not in bulk. Those who covet to have cubits added to their stature do not consider that it will but make then more unwieldy, and you can find more about that here on st-takla.org on other commentaries and dictionary entries. In the balance of the sanctuary David far outweighs Goliath. 2. The servants of David, though men of ordinary stature, were too hard for the giants of Gath in every encounter, because they had God on their side, who takes pleasure in abasing lofty looks, and mortifying the giants that are in the earth, as he did of old by the deluge, though they were men of renown. Never let the church's friends be disheartened by the power and pride of the church's enemies. We need not fear great men against us while we have the great God for us. What will a finger more on each hand do, or a toe more on each foot, in contest with Omnipotence? 3. These giants defied Israel (v. 7) and were thus made to pay for their insolence. None are more visibly marked for ruin that those who reproach God and his Israel. God will do great things rather than suffer the enemy to behave themselves proudly, Deut. xxxii. 27. The victories of the Son of David, like those of David himself, are gradual. We see not yet all things put under him; but it will be seen shortly: and death itself, the last enemy, like these giants, will be triumphed over.

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Other commentaries and interpretations on the Book of First Chronicles:
1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 27 | 28 | 29

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