Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol III:Early Church Fathers Index Previous Next
Tertullian: Part I: The Christian Idea of the Position of Hades; The Blessedness of Paradise Immediately After Death. The Privilege of the Martyrs.
Chapter LV.—The Christian Idea of the Position of Hades; The Blessedness of Paradise Immediately After Death. The Privilege of the Martyrs.
By ourselves the lower regions (of Hades) are not supposed to be a bare cavity, nor some subterranean sewer of the world, but a vast deep space in the interior of the earth, and a concealed recess in its very bowels; inasmuch as we read that Christ in His death spent three days in the heart of the earth, 1799 that is, in the secret inner recess which is hidden in the earth, and enclosed by the earth, and superimposed on the abysmal depths which lie still lower down. Now although Christ is God, yet, being also man, “He died according to the Scriptures,” 1800 and “according to the same Scriptures was buried.” 1801 With the same law of His being He fully complied, by remaining in Hades in the form and condition of a dead man; nor did He ascend into the heights of heaven before descending into the lower parts of the earth, that He might there make the patriarchs and prophets partakers of Himself. 1802 (This being the case), you must suppose Hades to be a subterranean region, and keep at arms length those who are too proud to believe that the souls of the faithful deserve a place in the lower regions. 1803 These persons, who are “servants above their Lord, and disciples above their Master,” 1804 would no doubt spurn to receive the comfort of the resurrection, if they must expect it in Abrahams bosom. But it was for this purpose, say they, that Christ descended into hell, that we might not ourselves have to descend thither. Well, then, what difference is there between heathens and Christians, if the same prison awaits them all when dead? How, indeed, shall the soul mount up to heaven, where Christ is already sitting at the Fathers right hand, when as yet the archangels trumpet has not been heard by the command of God, 1805 —when as yet those whom the coming of the Lord is to find on the earth, have not been caught up into the air to meet Him at His coming, 1806 in company with the dead in Christ, who shall be the first to arise? 1807 To no one is heaven opened; the earth is still safe for him, I would not say it is shut against him. When the world, indeed, shall pass away, then the kingdom of heaven shall be opened. Shall we then have to sleep high up in ether, with the boy-loving worthies of Plato; or in the air with Arius; or around the moon with the Endymions of the Stoics? No, but in Paradise, you tell me, whither already the patriarchs and prophets have removed from Hades in the retinue of the Lords resurrection. How is it, then, that the region of Paradise, which as revealed to John in the Spirit lay under the altar, 1808 displays no other souls as in it besides the souls of the martyrs? How is it that the most heroic martyr Perpetua on the day of her passion saw only her fellow-martyrs there, in the revelation which she received of Paradise, if it were not that the sword which guarded the entrance permitted none to go in thereat, except those who had died in Christ and not in Adam? A new death for God, even the extraordinary one for Christ, is admitted into the reception-room of mortality, specially altered and adapted to receive the new-comer. Observe, then, the difference between a heathen and a Christian in their death: if you have to lay down your life for God, as the Comforter 1809 counsels, it is not in gentle fevers and on soft beds, but in the sharp pains of martyrdom: you must take up the cross and bear it after your Master, as He has Himself instructed you. 1810 The sole key to unlock Paradise is your own lifes blood. 1811 You have a treatise by us, 1812 (on Paradise), in which we have established the position that every soul is detained in safe keeping in Hades until the day of the Lord.
Matt. xii. 40.231:1800
1 Cor. xv. 3.231:1801
1 Cor. 15.4.231:1802
1 Pet. iii. 19.231:1803
See Irenæus, adv. Hæres. v. [Vol. I. p. 566, this Series.]231:1804
Matt. x. 24.231:1805
1 Cor. 15:52, 1 Thess. 4:16.231:1806
1 Thess. iv. 17.231:1807
1 Thess. 4.16.231:1808
Rev. vi. 9.231:1809
Matt. xvi. 24.231:1811
The souls of the martyrs were, according to Tertullian, at once removed to Paradise (Bp. Kaye, p. 249).231:1812
De Paradiso. [Compare, p. 216, note 9, supra.]
Next: Refutation of the Homeric View of the Soul's Detention from Hades Owing to the Body's Being Unburied. That Souls Prematurely Separated from the Body Had to Wait for Admission into Hades Also Refuted.
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