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7 [Note the ignorance of these Oriental bishops of any superior authority in the Bishop of Rome. Athanas., opp., p. 470 Paris.]

8 Ps. lxxiii. 27.

9 John xvii. 21.

10 [Apart from the argument, observe the clear inference as to the equal position of Stephen and his "primacy," in the great Western See. For the West, compare Hilar., Ad Liberium, Frag.]

11 Probably "of men," "nominum" in the original having been read for "hominum."

12 [Peter and Paul could not be quoted, then, as speaking by the mouth of any one bishop; certainly not by any prerogative of his See. See Guettee, The Papacy, p. 119. New York, 1866.]

13 [Peter and Paul could not be quoted, then, as speaking by the mouth of any one bishop; certainly not by any prerogative of his See. See Guettee, The Papacy, p. 119. New York, 1866.]

14 Literally, "in the vanity (or unreality) of a baptism."

15 These words in italics are conjecturally interpolated, but have no authority.

16 [Another use of this word as generic for all but deacons.]

17 [A provincial council of the East; and note, in Asia, not Europe.]

18 Mark xiii. 6.

19 Facere. [Demoniacs. See Apost. lessons, so called, lxxix.]

20 Gal. iii. 27.

21 2 Cor. xi. 2.

22 Ps. xlv. 11.

23 Cant. iv. 8.

24 Cant. v. 1.

25 Luke xi. 23.

26 Cant. iv. 12, 13.

27 1 Pet. iii. 21.

28 Matt. xvi. 19.

29 John xx. 22, 23. [The two texts here quoted lie at the base of Cyprian's own theory; (I) to Peter alonethis gift to signify its singleness, (2) then the same to all the apostles alone to signify their common and undivided partnershipin the use of this gift. Note the two alones and one therefore. And see Treatise I. infra.]

30 [Cyprian's theory is thus professed by the Orient.]

31 [This place and succession are conceded in the argument; but Stephen himself does not appear to have claimed to be the Rock or to exercise the authority of Peter. Vol. iii. p. 266 ]

32 [Stephen abolishes the Rock, and "deserts unity;" here, then, is evidence that he was not the one, nor the criterion of the other.]

33 [The Roman custom seems to have been a localtradition, to which more generalcustom is opposed. See p. 375, supra.]

34 [i.e., Montanists.] Or, "as we do the prophets."

35 [See sec. 7, supra.]

36 Phil. i. 18.

37 Or, "they not only speak of, (but have)," is a proposed reading of this obscure passage, "non modo dicunt."

38 [These, as the schoolmen teach, do virtually receive the sacra' ment, though in voto tantum.]

39 1 Cor. xi. 27.

40 Prov. ix. 19 (LXX.).

41 Prov. xix. 5. [Note the charge of schism that follows.]

42 Prov. xxix. 22.

43 [This, by the structure of the argument, is supposed to be said to Stephen.]

44 Eph. iv. 1, 6.

45 [By Canon XIX. of Nicaea the Paulianists were compelled to observe the Carthaginian discipline, which was a Catholic decision, so far, in Cyprian's favour. His position was not condemned.]

46 [These passages are noted here, because they all must be borne in mind when we come to the Treatise on Unity.]

47 [These passages are noted here, because they all must be borne in mind when we come to the Treatise on Unity.]

48 Eph. iv. 5, 6.

49 Otherwise "unity." Some commentators omit this clause.

50 [" Pseudo-Christum, pseudo-apostolum, et dolosum operarium." Compare Cyprian's meekness (p. 386) with this.]

51 [This letter may be too much like Stephen's, in a spirit not so meek as is becoming; but it is not less conclusive as a testimony.]

1 Oxford ed.: Ep. lxix. A.D. 255.

2 Luke xi. 23. [Bacon wished to see this reconciled with that other text Luke ix, 50.]

3 1 John ii. 18, 19.

4 Matt. xviii. 17.

5 Cant. vi. 9.

6 Cant. iv. 12.

7 1 Pet. iii. 20, 21.

8 Eph. v, 26.

9 [A dilemma which should be borne in mind in studying the subsequent history of the Roman See and its rival popes.]

10 Ex. xii. 46.

11 Josh. ii. 18, 19.

12 John x. 30.

13 "Grex."

14 John x. 16.

15 Ps. lxviii. 6. [Vulgate and Anglican Psalter.]

16 [See p. 362, supra, and Augus., tom. v. p. 1246, ed. Migne.]

17 [This hinges unity for the individual, according to Cyprian; the individual must be in communion with his lawful bishop, and the bishop with the universal episcopate. It never enters his head that any one See is the test of unity. Vol. i. 415 and 460.]

18 2 Kings xvii. 20, 21.

19 Matt. x, 5.

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