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Tertullian: Part II: Comparative Lateness of Heresies. Marcion's Heresy. Some Personal Facts About Him. The Heresy of Apelles. Character of This Man; Philumene; Valentinus; Nigidius, and Hermogenes.
Chapter XXX.—Comparative Lateness of Heresies. Marcions Heresy. Some Personal Facts About Him. The Heresy of Apelles. Character of This Man; Philumene; Valentinus; Nigidius, and Hermogenes.
Where was Marcion then, that shipmaster of Pontus, the zealous student of Stoicism? Where was Valentinus then, the disciple of Platonism? For it is evident that those men lived not so long ago,—in the reign of Antoninus for the most part, 2156 —and that they at first were believers in the doctrine of the Catholic Church, in the church of Rome under the episcopate of the blessed Eleutherus, 2157 until on account of their ever restless curiosity, with which they even infected the brethren, they were more than once expelled. Marcion, indeed, [went] with the two hundred sesterces which he had brought into the church, and, 2158 when banished at last to a permanent excommunication, they scattered abroad the poisons of their doctrines. Afterwards, it is true, Marcion professed repentance, and agreed to the conditions granted to him—that he should receive reconciliation if he restored to the church all the others whom he had been training for perdition: he was prevented, however, by death. It was indeed 2159 necessary that there should be heresies; 2160 and yet it does not follow from that necessity, that heresies are a good thing. As if it has not been necessary also that there should be evil! It was even necessary that the Lord should be betrayed; but woe to the traitor! 2161 So that no man may from this defend heresies. If we must likewise touch the descent 2162 of Apelles, he is far from being “one of the old school,” 2163 like his instructor and moulder, Marcion; he rather forsook the continence of Marcion, by resorting to the company of a woman, and withdrew to Alexandria, out of sight of his most abstemious 2164 master. Returning therefrom, after some years, unimproved, except that he was no longer a Marcionite, he clave 2165 to another woman, the maiden Philumene (whom we have already 2166 mentioned), who herself afterwards became an enormous prostitute. Having been imposed on by her vigorous spirit, 2167 he committed to writing the revelations which he had learned of her. Persons are still living who remember them,—their own actual disciples and successors,—who cannot therefore deny the lateness of their date. But, in fact, by their own works they are convicted, even as the Lord said. 2168 For since Marcion separated the New Testament from the Old, he is (necessarily) subsequent to that which he separated, inasmuch as it was only in his power to separate what was (previously) united. Having then been united previous to its separation, the fact of its subsequent separation proves the subsequence also of the man who effected the separation. In like manner Valentinus, by his different expositions and acknowledged 2169 emendations, makes these changes on the express ground of previous faultiness, and therefore demonstrates the difference 2170 of the documents. These corrupters of the truth we mention as being more notorious and more public 2171 than others. There is, however, a certain man 2172 named Nigidius, and Hermogenes, and several others, who still pursue the course 2173 of perverting the ways of the Lord. Let them show me by what authority they come! If it be some other God they preach, how comes it that they employ the things and the writings and the names of that God against whom they preach? If it be the same God, why treat Him in some other way? Let them prove themselves to be new apostles! 2174 Let them maintain that Christ has come down a second time, taught in person a second time, has been twice crucified, twice dead, twice raised! For thus has the apostle described (the order of events in the life of Christ); for thus, too, is He 2175 accustomed to make His apostles—to give them, (that is), power besides of working the same miracles which He worked Himself. 2176 I would therefore have their mighty deeds also brought forward; except that I allow their p. 258 mightiest deed to be that by which they perversely vie with the apostles. For whilst they used to raise men to life from the dead, these consign men to death from their living state.
[Kaye, p. 226.]257:2158
See adv. Marcion, iv. 4. infra.257:2159
Enim, profecto (Oehler).257:2160
1 Cor. xi. 19.257:2161
Mark. xiv. 21.257:2162
Stemma. The reading of the Cod. Agobard. is “stigma,” which gives very good sense.257:2163
Sanctissimi. This may be an ironical allusion to Marcions repudiation of marriage.257:2165
In chap. vi. p. 246 above.257:2167
Energemate. Oehler defines this word, “vis et efficacia dæmonum, quibus agebatur.” [But see Lardner, Credib. viii. p. 540.]257:2168
Matt. vii. 16.257:2169
Alterius fuisse. One reading is anterius; i.e., “demonstrates the priority” of the book he alters.257:2171
Compare de Carne Christi, chap. ii. [Elucidation IV.]257:2175
Christ; so Routh.257:2176
We add Oehlers reading of this obscure passage: “Sic enim apostolus descripsit, sic enim apostolos solet facere, dare præterea illis virtutem eadem signa edendi quæ et ipse.” [“It is worthy of remark” (says Kaye, p. 95), “that he does not appeal to any instance of the exercise of miraculous powers in his own day.”]
Next: Truth First, Falsehood Afterwards, as Its Perversion. Christ's Parable Puts the Sowing of the Good Seed Before the Useless Tares.
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